Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    HIGH TRAVEL RISK for The Somali-border counties of Wajir, Mandera, Garissa and Lamu; Nairobi; the northern counties of Turkana, West Pokot, Samburu, Marsabit and Isiolo

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): Low -

Inbound travel is broadly possible with some inconvenience; restrictions affect a limited range of travellers.

Restrictions in place for a limited range of originating countries / nationalities arriving in country.  Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Depends on travel of origins
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? Yes
(Until further notice)
Border restrictions
• Border closures/restrictions (air, land and sea borders, flight restrictions etc.)
- Flights between India and Kenya are suspended.

(Ends 25 June 2021)
Entry rules
- Those travelling from and who have transited India are barred from entering Kenya.
- It is mandatory to complete a Ministry of Health Travellers Health Surveillance form online. The form must be filled out and submitted prior to travel. The form can be accessed from the Ministry of Health website: https://ears.health.go.ke/airline_registration/. After submitting the travel surveillance form, passengers are advised to download the QR code. Passengers will be required to display the received QR codes to port health officials on arrival for them to be allowed to proceed to arrival immigration. Further details are available in the government of Kenya protocols, which can be found on the Kenya Civil Aviation Authority website: https://kcaa.or.ke/protocol-for-air-travel-operations.
- There is a Trusted Traveller (TT) programme to update PCR test results and obtain TT certificates to be presented to the traveller's airline and the Kenyan Port Health Authorities. The announcement can be found here: https://www.health.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Guide-on-the-Digital-verification-of-Covid-19.pdf
(until further notice)
Testing requirements

• Who needs to test + Type of test and timeframe?
- All arriving and transiting passengers must present a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate taken no more than 96 hours prior to departure. Rapid tests are not accepted; it must be a PCR test, otherwise quarantine will need to be carried out.
- Passengers whose certificates have expired due to the transit time will be subject to a test for COVID-19 at their own cost upon arrival at a recognised facility.
• What information is required in the test result?
Certificates must be in English.
(until further notice)
Quarantine requirements

• Who must quarantine and for how long and where can this be done?
- A 14-day quarantine requirement may be applicable to travellers from certain countries. The list of exempt countries can be found here: https://kcaa.or.ke/quarantine-exempted-states
If the country you are travelling from is not listed, you are subject to a 14-day quarantine. For further information, please follow up with your airline.
- Travellers from Brunei, Czech Republic, Kuwait, Pakistan and Thailand are subject to mandatory 14-day quarantine upon arrival in Kenya at their own cost. All travellers have to provide the evidence of their booking for the quarantine locations 24 hours before boarding. The list of facilities available for quarantine can be obtained from info@kmpdc.go.ke. Further information is available on page 1 of https://kcaa.or.ke/sites/default/files/docs/covid_19/exempted_states.pdf
- All inbound passengers from the UK, irrespective of their travel routes or nationality, must self-isolate for seven days upon arrival and take a PCR test on day 4.
- Arriving passengers are subject to a health screening. Any passenger who displays symptoms of COVID-19 will be required to quarantine for 14 days. These symptoms include a body temperature above 37.5° C (99.5°F), a persistent cough, and difficulty in breathing or other flu-like symptoms. Those required to quarantine will do so at a government-designated facility or at their home, subject to prevailing guidelines.
(until further notice)
- Through the 'Jitenge MoH Kenya' app, arrivals should record data pertaining to their health status for 14 days following arrival in the country.
- Incoming passengers who arrive during curfew hours should carry their ticket and boarding pass to reach their accommodation. Drivers will also be required to prove that they are going to the airport to drop off or pick up passengers.
(until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any exit restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Exit rules
- Kenyan Ministry of Health in January announced that all travellers departing Kenya must present a negative COVID-19 test certificate in accordance with the Trusted Traveller (TT) Initiative (https://www.africacdc.org/trusted-travel) and the PanaBios system (https://www.panabios.org). A TT code will be verified by airlines and immigration authorities. Contact your airlines to understand more details.
- Travellers can access the list of authorised laboratories at https://www.trustedtravel.panabios.org or https://www.health.go.ke . After taking a PCR test, travellers will receive an automated SMS from Panabios with a link to view their test result, as well as an email from admin@panaios.org with a link guiding travellers on how to generate a Travel Code via https://trustedtravel.panabios.org . If the test results meet Kenya’s exit requirements, a Travel Code is issued to the traveler online.
- Travelers with additional questions about these new requirements should contact their airlines and embassies.
(Until further notice)
Travellers with departing flights scheduled within the curfew hours should carry a valid ticket and boarding pass to travel to the airport of departure.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? Yes
• Can businesses operate? Yes
• Are there other restrictions on internal travel? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any other restrictions in place? No
(until further notice)
Curfews and lockdowns
The nightly curfew is in place from 22.00 to 04.00 nationwide until at least 31 July.
The authorities have imposed a revised curfew from 19.00 to 04.00 in 13 Western, Nyanza counties. Essential and emergency services are exempt from curfew hours. The counties are Bomet, Bungoma, Busia, Homa Bay, Kakamega, Kericho, Kisii, Kisumu, Migori, Nyamira, Siaya, Trans Nzoia and Vihiga.
(Ends 27 July 2021)
Restrictions on internal travel
• What restrictions are in place
Roadblocks which were previously in place on major roads to and from the capital Nairobi, Kajiado, Kiambu, Nakuru and Machakos counties during lockdown may remain.
(until further notice)

22 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Kenya

COVID-19 information for Kenya

Dedicated COVID-19 website


The greatest risks in Kenya stem from road traffic accidents, crime, unrest and terrorism. Violent and petty crime pose the most significant security risks to those in urban centres, especially in the capital Nairobi. The risk of unrest tends to be heightened during national political events, including elections and referendums. Potential security threats stem from spontaneous or orchestrated protests and rioting, heavy-handed security crackdowns, vigilante roadblocks and a possible increase in opportunistic crime on the back of political unrest. While foreign nationals are unlikely to be deliberately targeted in unrest, they risk incidental exposure to violence. Banditry and communal violence also post significant risks in northern and rural areas. Road quality is generally low except on major thoroughfares and driving standards are aggressive, with overtaking, drunk driving and little adherence to the rules of the road common occurrences, leading to a high rate of road traffic accidents.

Al-Shabab, the Somalia-based Islamist extremist group, has threatened and carried out attacks in Kenya. The group is suspected to have a large number of supporters in the east of the country and largely ethnic-Somali areas of Nairobi and Mombasa (Mombasa county). In January 2019, al-Shabab claimed an attack on the 14 Riverside Drive Complex in Nairobi, targeting the dusitD2 Hotel; at least 21 people were killed and more than 30 others injured. In September 2013, the group claimed responsibility for a high-profile raid on the Westgate shopping centre in Nairobi.

Up until the Westgate incident, militant attacks in the country had been low-impact and had predominantly occurred in counties bordering Somalia or in the lower-income areas of Mombasa and Nairobi. Despite close co-operation with international anti-terrorism efforts and better overall anti-terrorism coordination since the Westgate and Riverside attacks, there are concerns about the capacity of the security forces to deal with the terrorist threat, and there remains a credible potential for another high-profile attack.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Kenya
CholeraOral vaccination is recommended for travellers
Read more
Hepatitis ARecommended for all travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Meningitis - meningococcalVaccination with the quadrivalent vaccine
Read more
PolioAll travellers are recommended to be fully
Read more
RabiesConsider for certain travellers, especially: For
Read more
Typhoid feverRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Yellow feverKenya is a country with a risk of yellow fever
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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