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United Kingdom

Risk Ratings  
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    LOW MEDICAL RISK for United Kingdom
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for United Kingdom


COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): High -

Essential businesses operational but with significant disruption.

Healthcare systems under pressure, even in LOW and MEDIUM Medical risk-rated countries, likely delaying access to non-life threatening but urgent care. Existing security concerns may be increasingly exacerbated by the socio-economic pressures of COVID-19 on the systems and/or diversion of resources. Further reduced avenues of recourse for in-country medical/security issues especially in HIGH/EXTREME rated security environments, with knock-on impacts on operational sustainability.  Highly disruptive BCP mitigation actions in effect, such as temporary suspension of all but essential activities. 

RestrictionsInboundEntry restrictions
A) Inbound travel for European nationals: European nationals are able to enter the UK.

B) Inbound travel for 'third country' nationals: Third country nationals are able to enter the UK.

C) Inbound travel for COVID-19 variant areas: The UK has published a 'red list' of nations with a high risk of virus variants. This list can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/transport-measures-to-protect-the-uk-from-variant-strains-of-covid-19
Travellers who have been in or through any country on the travel ban red list in the previous ten days will be refused entry to the UK. UK/Irish nationals and UK residents are exempt from this. Those permitted to return will be escorted from the airport/port to a guarded hotel where they will be required to quarantine for ten days. The traveller will be required to cover the cost of the quarantine period. The test to release scheme will not be available to these travellers. For more information, see: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/booking-and-staying-in-a-quarantine-hotel-when-you-arrive-in-england
Some professions may be exempted from the red list travel ban: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-travellers-exempt-from-uk-border-rules/coronavirus-covid-19-travellers-exempt-from-uk-border-rules

D) Border closures: All of Britain's borders, including that with Ireland and between Gibraltar and Spain, remain open.
(until further notice)
Testing requirements
A) Who needs to test?
All incoming passengers must present a negative test upon arrival. Categories of countries can be found at https://www.gov.uk/guidance/red-amber-and-green-list-rules-for-entering-england#travel-bans-to-the-uk---banned-countries.

B) Type of test and number of hours
PCR, LAMP or antigen test. The test must have been taken no more than 72 hours prior to departure. Children under eleven are exempt from testing requirements. Those vaccinated must still take the test.
Travellers from green countries must book a test prior to arrival. The test must be taken between arrival and day two. No quarantine is needed unless the test result is positive.
Travellers from countries in the amber and red lists must take two more COVID-19 tests after arrival (on day two and day eight of the ten-day quarantine). Those two additional tests (travel test package) must be purchased in advance and from a provider listed on the government site: https://www.gov.uk/find-travel-test-provider

C) What information needs to be included with the test result?
Your test result must be in either English, French or Spanish. Translations will not be accepted. You must provide the original test result notification. It must include the following information:
- The traveller's name, which should match the name on your travel documents
- The traveller's date of birth or age
- The result of the test
- The date the test sample was collected or received by the test provider
- The name of the test provider and their contact details
- Confirmation of the device used for the test, or that the test was a PCR test
(until further notice)
Quarantine requirements
The quarantine rules are different dependent on which UK nation the traveller is visiting:

A) England
All inbound travellers from amber and red states to England must quarantine for ten days. After five days of quarantine, travellers from amber countries can conduct a private test at their own expense. If the result is negative, they can exit quarantine. You still must take the test on day eight of your arrival in England. More details are available here: https://www.gov.uk/uk-border-control/ending-self-isolation-early-through-test-to-release
Travellers from countries in the amber list can quarantine at any accommodation. Travellers from red countries must quarantine in government facilities. Those who are not able to self-isolate at their place of residence (it can be a hotel) must do so at a government facility.
Full rules are available here: https://www.gov.uk/uk-border-control/self-isolating-when-you-arrive
If you transit through a country prior to arrival, you must follow the rules from the country with the highest category (green
B) Scotland
All inbound travellers from amber and red states to Scotland must quarantine for ten days. The 'Test to Release' scheme is not available in Scotland, meaning that it is not possible to take a test to end quarantine early.
Travellers from countries in the amber list can quarantine at any accommodation. Travellers from red countries must quarantine in government facilities. Those who are not able to self-isolate at their place of residence (it can be a hotel) must do so at a government facility.
Full rules are available here: https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-international-travel-quarantine/pages/red-amber-and-green-list-countries/
If you transit through a country prior to arrival, you must follow the rules from the country with the highest category (green
C) Wales
All inbound travellers from amber and red states to Wales must quarantine for ten days. The 'Test to Release' scheme is not available in Wales, meaning that it is not possible to take a test to end quarantine early.
Travellers from countries in the amber list can quarantine at any accommodation. Travellers from red countries must quarantine in government facilities. Those who are not able to self-isolate at their place of residence (it can be a hotel) must do so at a government facility.
Full rules are available here:https://gov.wales/rules-foreign-travel-and-wales-coronavirus-covid-19-html
If you transit through a country prior to arrival, you must follow the rules from the country with the highest category (green
D) Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland follows the same rules as England, except it is not possible to use a negative test result to end quarantine: all travellers must quarantine for ten days unless somehow exempt. A list of exemptions is available at: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/coronavirus-covid-19-international-travel-sector-exemptions
Arrivals from countries in the red list must undergo a mandatory ten-day hotel quarantine. More information is available at: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/coronavirus-covid-19-international-travel-advice
The authorities in Northern Ireland specify that even those arriving from within the Common Travel Area (United Kingdom, Republic of Ireland, Isle of Man and Channel Islands) and are staying for more than 24 hours should self-isolate for ten days unless exempt. Those exempt from self-isolation should book a pre-departure and post-arrival Lateral Flow Device test. A list of exemptions is available here: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/coronavirus-covid-19-travelling-within-common-travel-area
(until further notice)
Passenger locator forms
All travellers travelling to the UK must submit a passenger locator form in the 48 hours prior to travel. The form is available here: https://www.gov.uk/provide-journey-contact-details-before-travel-uk
(Until further notice)
Exemptions
A) Exemptions from testing
If you began your journey to England from Ascension, the Falklands, Guernsey, Ireland, the Isle of Man, Jersey, Northern Ireland, Scotland, St. Helena, Wales or Myanmar then you are exempt.

Additionally, you do not need to take a test if you are travelling to the UK:
- For urgent medical treatment or are accompanying someone who is travelling for urgent medical treatment, and it is not reasonably practical for you to obtain a negative COVID-19 test in the three days before departure.
- If you have a medical condition which means you cannot take a test – you must present a note from a medical practitioner at check in and to Border Force staff on arrival in England.

People doing the following jobs do not need to take a test:
- Border and customs officials
- Channel tunnel system workers
- Hauliers
- Air, maritime and rail crew
- Civil aviation inspectors
- People transporting human cells and blood products
- Seamen, masters and inspectors and surveyors of ships
- Specialist technical workers - goods and services

Also, in limited circumstances:
- Defence personnel, visiting forces and government contractors
- Foreign government officials
- UK government officials conducting essential state business, essential government work or essential policing

B) Exemptions from quarantine

A number of key professions are able to avoid quarantine or avoid certain aspects of restrictions. These are detailed in a long list online here: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-travellers-exempt-from-uk-border-rules/coronavirus-covid-19-travellers-exempt-from-uk-border-rules

The different UK nations have different quarantine rules. Please see the section on quarantine requirements for specifics.
Hotel quarantine exemptions for Scotland: https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-international-travel-quarantine/pages/sectoral-exemptions/
(Until further notice)
Transit

Because all travellers going to the UK need a test before transit, this also applies to transit passengers, who will be asked to produce evidence of the test result prior to boarding.
(Until further notice)
Outlying provinces
A) Jersey
Travellers arriving in Jersey are required to disclose their itinerary over the last 14 days and to quarantine for ten days should they have visited one of the countries classified as 'amber' or 'red' by the government. PCR tests are required during the quarantine.
https://www.gov.je/Health/Coronavirus/Travel/Pages/DeclaringTravelHistory.aspx

B) Guernsey
Only essential travel into Guernsey is possible. https://covid19.gov.gg/guidance/travel/essential-travel

C) Isle of Man
Only essential travel to the Isle of Man is possible: https://covid19.gov.im/general-information/travel-advice/borders-framework/
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticScotland has imposed a temporary entry ban for people coming from the cities of Bedford, Bolton and Blackburn (all England).
(Until further notice)
In England, non-essential businesses, pubs, restaurants, hospitality, cultural and amusements venues can open.

Up to 30 people can attend outdoor gatherings.

Indoor gatherings are limited to up to six people from two households.

Work from home where possible.

Further details are available here: https://www.gov.uk/guidance/covid-19-coronavirus-restrictions-what-you-can-and-cannot-do
Roadmap out of lockdown: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/covid-19-response-spring-2021/covid-19-response-spring-2021-summary
(Ends 21 June 2021)
Self-isolation for contacts of people with confirmed COVID-19 has been shortened to ten days across the UK (all four nations).
(Until further notice)
In Scotland, there are five tiers of restrictions (Level 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 - the fourth level stands for 'stay local'). Most of mainland Scotland is now at level 2 (including Glasgow) and level 1, while the islands are at Level 0.

Main rules for Level 2 are:
- Groups up to six people from three different households can meet indoors and up to eight people from four different households can meet in an outdoor public place.
- Travel within Scotland (except in level 3 areas) is permitted as well as travel to England, Wales, Northern Ireland, the Isle of Man or the Channel Islands (with some restrictions).
- Cafes, pubs and restaurants can open indoors and outdoors.
- All shops can open.

Main rules for level 1 are:
- Groups up to 6 people from 3 households can meet in an indoors private place – and can stay overnight. Up to 8 people from 3 households can meet in an indoor public place and up to 12 people from 12 households can meet outdoors.
- You can travel anywhere in Scotland in Levels 0, 1 or 2 but must not enter a Level 3 or 4 area unless for a permitted reason
- All businesses can open except nightclubs.

The full list of restrictions and an explanation of the different tiers can be found here: https://www.gov.scot/publications/coronavirus-covid-19-protection-levels/pages/protection-levels-by-area/
(Until further notice)
Wales
All of Wales is at alert level 2. Main rules are:

Private social gatherings up to five people are allowed.

Up to 30 people can take part in organised indoor activities and up to 50 people in organised outdoor activities. This includes wedding receptions and wakes.

Travel in and out of Wales is permitted. Non-essential travel to and from other parts of the UK is possible.

All shops, including all close contact services are open.

Outdoor and indoors hospitality can reopen.

Leisure activity spaces are open and all holiday accommodation can re-open fully.

Further information can be found here: https://gov.wales/covid-19-alert-levels
(Until further notice)
In Northern Ireland, outdoor hospitality businesses and all non-essential retail can reopen. Bars and restaurants can open outdoors. A maximum of six people from two different households can be seated together. Up to 15 people from three households can meet outdoors. Six people from two households are allowed to mix indoors in private homes. Overnight stay in self-contained accommodation with once household or bubble is allowed. Work from home is highly recommended when possible. Face coverings are mandatory in public places / transports.
Further information on lockdown measures can be found here: https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/articles/coronavirus-covid-19-regulations-guidance-what-restrictions-mean-you
(Ends 21 June 2021)

19 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)





Risk Summary

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Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for United Kingdom

COVID-19 information for United Kingdom

Dedicated COVID-19 website

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The most common risks result from opportunistic street crime such as pickpocketing, bag-snatching and mugging. Levels of violent crime are higher in major cities, though such activities tend to be concentrated in lower-income areas.

Protests are normally well policed and remain peaceful; on rare occasions though when they are staged by radical activists they can become confrontational. Urban riots have also occurred. Occasional outbreaks of sectarian violence pose an indirect risk in some areas of Northern Ireland.

The UK is exposed to the threat of Islamist militant attacks, though its extensive and effective intelligence and security apparatus largely mitigates associated risks. In July 2005, several suicide bombings hit the capital London's public transport system. In 2017, the country experienced several further high-profile attacks: a car-ramming attack in the Westminster area of London in March; a suicide bombing at a concert venue in Manchester in May, and a vehicle-ramming and stabbing attack in the London Bridge area in June. In 2019, another stabbing occurred near London Bridge, leaving two people dead and several others injured.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please refer to our alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.

STANDING TRAVEL ADVICE

Vaccinations For United Kingdom
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

 
 
 
Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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