Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    LOW MEDICAL RISK for Spain
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Spain

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): Medium -

Inbound travel is possible, but with notable inconvenience; restrictions affect a wide range of travellers.

Restrictions in place for a wide range of originating countries / nationalities arriving in country. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

RestrictionsInboundEntry restrictions
A) Inbound travel for European nationals
Travellers from the EU can enter Spain.

B) Inbound travel for 'third country' nationals
Fully vaccinated travellers (coming from non-EU countries, including the US) may enter Spain (see 'exemptions'). Also, travellers from Australia, China, Japan, Israel, New Zealand, Rwanda, Singapore, South Korea, Thailand and the UK are able to enter Spain.
Unless resident in Spain, nationals of other countries not fully vaccinated will need special diplomatic permission to enter Spain and will need to prove the essential nature of their travel.

C) Entry from virus variant areas
Entry from Brazil and South Africa is only allowed for Spanish or Andorran citizens, those residing in Spain or Andorra, or passengers in international transit of less than 24 hours to a non-Schengen country. This includes flights to the Balearic Islands and Canary Islands. This measure will apply until 6 July for Brazil and South Africa.
(Ends 6 July 2021)
Border closures

Spain’s mainland borders remain open, but those with Morocco in Ceuta and Melilla remain closed.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Testing requirements
A) Who needs to test?
Travellers over the age of six coming by air or sea from countries deemed high risk. Those coming by land from France also need to test. High-risk countries are determined by the health ministry. Most countries are deemed high risk. The list of high-risk countries is updated every two weeks and can be found at the health ministry’s website: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/spth.htm

Travellers fully vaccinated at least 14 days before arriving in Spain are exempt from testing requirement.

Travellers recovered from COVID-19 who can show a certificate no older than 180 days but within at least 11 days since the first positive test taken are exempt from testing requirements.

All passengers will also be subject to a temperature check and a visual health assessment on arrival in Spain. If the authorities suspect the traveller has COVID-19, the traveller will be tested (at the state’s expense) and may be asked to isolate.

Travellers arriving from France by land must present a negative PCR or TMA test not older than 48 hours at the time of arrival. This does not apply to road transport workers in the exercise of their professional activity, cross-border workers and residents in border areas within a radius of 18 miles (30km) around their place of residence.

Travellers from Brazil and South Africa who are allowed to enter Spain are required to take a rapid antigen test at the airport in addition to presenting a negative COVID-19 test taken within the 72 hours prior to the flight.

Travellers coming from countries not included in the list of high-risk countries are not required to comply with testing/health requirements.

B) Type of test and number of hours

The test can be a nucleic acid amplification test: NAAT (PCR, TMA, LAMP or NEAR) OR a rapid antigen detection test (RAT).

Any test must have been carried out up to 48 hours prior to arrival in Spain (test for arrivals from Brazil and S. Africa must be up to 72 hours prior).

C) What information needs to be included with the test result?

The certificate or supporting document must be the original, presented in paper or electronic format and written in Spanish, English, French or German. If it is not possible to obtain it in these languages, the certificate or supporting document must be accompanied by a Spanish translation performed by an official body.
The document must contain: traveller's name, passport or ID number, test date, identification and contact details of the centre that performed the analysis, the technique used and a negative test result. The personal identification number (passport/ID number) that you use to get your QR code must be the same as the identification number that appears on the certificate.

Quarantine requirements
Arrivals from India will have to quarantine for 10 days
(Until further notice)
Travellers arriving in Spain must complete an online form 48 hours prior to travel. This form can be found at https://spth.gob.es/

On completion, the traveller will be issued a QR code which they must show (electronically or as a hard copy) upon arrival at the airport. Those arriving by car are not required to complete the form.
(Until further notice)
Non-European residents can enter Spain for the following reasons:

0. People who have received both doses of a WHO- or EMA-approved vaccine at least 14 days prior to arrival. Accepted vaccines: Moderna, Pfizer, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Johnson&Johnson, Sinopharm and Sinovac-Coronavac.
1. Habitual residents of the EU, Schengen associated states, Andorra, Monaco, The Vatican (Holy See) or San Marino who go directly to their place of residence (in one of these noted countries), providing they have documentary proof.
2. Holders of a long-stay visa issued by an EU member state or Schengen associated state who are heading to one of these countries.
3. Health professionals, including health researchers, and elderly care professionals who are heading to or returning from their work activity.
4. Transport personnel, seafarers and aeronautical personnel necessary to carry out air transport activities.
5. Diplomatic, consular, international organisations, military, civil protection personnel and members of humanitarian organisations in the exercise of their functions.
6. Students who carry out their studies in the EU member states or Schengen associated states and who have the corresponding permit or visa and medical insurance, provided that they go to the country where they are studying, and that the entry occurs during the academic year or the 15 days prior.
7. Highly-qualified workers whose work is necessary and cannot be postponed or carried out remotely, including participants in high-level sporting events that take place in Spain. These circumstances must be justified by documentation. This category would require diplomatic approval prior to entry.
8. Persons travelling for imperative family reasons duly accredited.
9. People who document relevant reasons of force majeure or need, or whose entry is allowed for humanitarian reasons.
More details at: http://www.exteriores.gob.es/Embajadas/JARTUM/en/Noticias/Pages/Articulos/Important-information-for-entry-in-Spain.aspx
(Until further notice)
Quarantine from variant areas
Travellers arriving from Brazil, India and South Africa must quarantine for ten days. Quarantine may be shortened by taking a PCR test on the seventh day.
(Until further notice)
Balearic Islands
Inbound travellers by ferry and flight coming from a high risk country are required to present a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours prior to arrival. Exemptions to the testing requirement include:
- People coming from countries that do not appear in the list of high risk countries/areas. The list can be founded in the Spanish website government at: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/spth.htm
- People from autonomous communities or Spanish autonomous cities with a cumulative Incidence of 14 days less than 60 cases are exempted from the testing requirement.
- People who have been fully vaccinated within the previous eight months or received a dose at least 15 days before the trip and always within the previous four months.
- People who prove that they have recovered from COVID-19 less than six months ago.
- Passengers in transit at a port or airport in the Balearic Islands with a final destination in another country or another part of Spain
- Children under 6 years of age

A declaration is also requested to justify the reason for the trip.
(Until further notice)
Canary Islands
Travellers over the age of six coming from countries deemed 'high risk' are required to present a negative COVID-19 test result. The list of high-risk countries is updated every two weeks and is linked on the health ministry’s website: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/spth.htm
Travellers arriving from another autonomous community in Spain are also required to present a negatice COVID-19 test result.

The test can be a PCR, TMA or LAMP test and must have been carried out within the 48 hours prior to arrival.

Exemptions to the testing requirement include:
- Passengers in transit.
- Passengers who prove they have been outside the Canary Islands for a period of less than 48 hours prior to arrival, regardless of their place of residence.
- Passengers who have been vaccinated and had received the last dose of the vaccine within eight months prior to the trip. Or passengers who have received at least one dose more than 15 days prior to travel. The official document accrediting the vaccination must state the vaccine received, the number of doses and the date on which each dose was administered.
- Passengers who have an official certificate proving that they have recovered from COVID-19 less than six months prior to travel.

Further information can be found here: https://www.holaislascanarias.com/viajar-a-las-islas-canarias/
(Until further notice)
OutboundGibraltar and Andorra border crossings are open. However cross-border travel is at the discretion of the border authorities and travellers are advised to contact local authorities for further information. Moroccan land border with Spain remains closed until further notice.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticA state of alarm has been lifted. A nationwide nightly curfew is no longer in place. Masks are mandatory in enclosed spaces and public areas where it is impossible to maintain six feet (2 metres) of social distance. A doctor’s note can exempt you from an obligation to wear the mask due to a medical condition. Additional restrictions vary by region.
(Until further notice)
Different degrees of local restrictions have been adopted by the individual autonomous communities, please refer to their individual website for the full regulations. A list is available at: https://administracion.gob.es/pag_Home/atencionCiudadana/SedesElectronicas-y-Webs-Publicas/websPublicas/WP_CCAA.html OR at : https://www.antena3.com/noticias/sociedad/estas-son-restricciones-horario-toque-queda-confinamientos-coronavirus-cada-comunidad-autonoma-espana-hoy_202102086021ba7ac7101f00015427c0.html ( Updated list of local restrictions: as of 09 February )
(until further notice)
Balearic Islands

The curfew has been lifted. Beaches close from midnight to 6.00.
There is a ten-person limit on social gatherings from any households in indoors and a 15-person limit for any number of households in outdoors.
Outdoors, bars and restaurants can open without capacity restrictions and must close at midnight. Maximum 10 people per table.
Indoors, bars and restaurants can open at 50% capacity and must close at midnight. Maximum 6 people per table.

Consult the updated list of regions subject to the restrictions: https://www.caib.es/sites/covid-19/ca/en_quin_nivell_estas/
(until further notice)
Face masks are compulsory in public spaces at all times. The capacity of hospitality places must not exceed 50% indoors and 75% outdoors and can only operate between 06.00 and 23.00. Four people can sit at tables indoors and six outdoors. A total of 14 areas within Madrid are declared basic health zones.

The list of basic healthcare areas and further information can be found at: https://www.esmadrid.com/en/information-coronavirus?utm_referrer=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com%2F#
(until further notice)
The region of Cantabria is divided in four different risk area where different restrictions apply. The delimitation is based on the incident rate over the last seven days.
The four levels are: low risk (incidence less than 25), medium (25-75), high (75-125) and very high (more than 125), with measures associated with all levels.

Further details can be found here: https://www.scsalud.es/web/scs/coronavirus
(Until further notice)
The region is divided into four risk levels where different restrictions apply.

In addition to Asturias, the communities of Andalusia, Aragón, Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León, Catalonia and Madrid are classified at risk level 2, while the Basque Country and La Rioja are at 3. Navarra, the Canary Islands, Cantabria, the Valencian Community, Extremadura, Galicia, the Balearic Islands and Murcia remain at 1.

Further information over specific rules that apply in each risk level can be found here: https://coronavirus.asturias.es/inicio
(Until further notice)
The government of Andalucia has implemented four different levels of alert where different restrictions apply. A map and details of restrictions can be found at: https://www.andalucia.com/health/coronavirus

The nationwide curfew has been lifted. Bars can open until 02.00. Cafe and restaurants can open until midnight. Maximum eight people are allowed at the same table indoors and maximum ten people outdoors. Depending on the level of the town, celebrations have a permitted capacity of 50-300 people inside and 75-500 people outside.

More details on the levels can be found here: https://www.andalucia.com/health/coronavirus
(Until further notice)
Basque Country
Shops, bars and restaurants can stay open until 22.00. No more than four people are allowed in terraces.
There are no limits on social gatherings.
Travel between different municipalities within the region is possible.
(Until further notice)
Masks are compulsory at all times in public spaces.
A curfew is in place between 01.00 and 06.00.
The region imposed a perimeter lockdown, but no restrictions on movement between municipalities within the region.
Social gatherings are limited to ten people indoors and outdoors.
Non-essential shops are allowed to open until 22.00.
Restaurants can be until 00.30, with a maximum of ten people seated per table.
There is a ban on the sale of alcohol between 22.00 and 08.00, except in hotels.

Further information can be found at: https://www.visitvalencia.com/en/new-normal-arrives-valencia
(Until further notice)
Ceuta and Melilla: The curfew and perimetral lockdown in Melilla has been lifted. In Ceuta curfew apply between midnight-07.00. Gatherings are limited to six people.
All public and private events are temporarily banned.
(Until further notice)
The curfew has been lifted.
All businesses, bars and restaurant can open until midnight.
Social gatherings up to six people are allowed.

Further information can be found here: https://www.murciasalud.es/seccion.php?idsec=6534
(Until further notice)
A perimeter closure is in place in some municipalities. Entry to and exit from those municipalities is only allowed for essential reasons. Non-essential businesses can open. Bars and restaurants can open until 20.00, 23.00 or midnight depending on the health alert level of the area. Social gatherings are limited to six people.

Further information can be found at: https://www.aragon.es/-/restricciones-a-la-movilidad-horarios-y-aforos-a-causa-de-la-covid19-1
(Until further notice)
The curfew has been lifted.
It is recommended that social gatherings only take place within the household.
Bars and restaurants acn open until 01.00.
(Until further notice)
The curfew has been lifted.

Bars and restaurants are allowed to open from 06.00 to 01.00, outdoors as well as indoors, with restrictions on capacity. Up to six people are allowed at the same table .

All businesses are allowed to open.
Groups of up to ten people may now meet.

Further information can be found here: https://canalsalut.gencat.cat/ca/salut-a-z/c/coronavirus-2019-ncov/ciutadania/mesures/
(Until further notice)
Junta de Extremadura
A perimeter closure for Los Santos de Maimona, Jerez de los Caballeros and Arroyo de San Servan is in place.
A curfew is in place from 02.00 to 06.00.
A maximum of ten people are allowed to meet in closed public spaces and outdoors. Household gatherings are allowed only for cohabitants.
Private celebrations can go up to 50 people.
Hotels, bars and restaurants can open indoors and outdoors with strict sanitary rules and capacity restrictions. They must close at midnight.

Further information can be found here: http://www.juntaex.es/web/
(Until further notice)
La Rioja
Social gatherings up to six people are permitted.
Bars and restaurants can open with capacity restriction and strict sanitary rules.
Further information can be found at: https://www.larioja.com/la-rioja/coronavirus/
(Until further notice)
A curfew is in place from 01.00 to 06.00.
Travel between municipalities is allowed Except for high risk municipalities where entry and exit is restricted to essential reasons.. All businesses can open. Restaurants can open except in high risk municipalities.
Detailed restrictions that apply in the different municipalities can be found here: https://coronavirus.sergas.es/Contidos/Restriccions-concellos
(Until further notice)
Canary Islands
Different COVID-19 restriction levels of alert are in place:
- Alert level 1: La Gomera, Fuerteventura, La Palma, Gran Canaria and El Hierro
Private gatherings are limited to ten people, restaurants close at 00.00 and allow ten people per table, street markets are open outdoors.
- Alert level 2: Tenerife and Lanzarote
Private gatherings are limited to six people, restaurants close at 23.00 and allow four people per table, street markets are suspended.

Further information is available here: https://www.holaislascanarias.com/coronavirus/medidas/
(Until further notice)
Castilla y Leon

The whole region is under level 3 of restrictions.
Restaurants can open outdoors as well as indoors with strict sanitary measures.
All businesses must close at 01.00 maximum.

Further information can be found here : https://www.jcyl.es/web/es/portada/informacion-coronavirus/infografias-normativa-covid19.html
(Until further notice)

22 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Spain

COVID-19 information for Spain

Dedicated COVID-19 website


Petty crime poses the main risk, with levels increasing in major cities, particularly Madrid and Barcelona, and during holiday seasons and festivals. There is a credible risk of attacks by Islamist extremist terrorists. The risk previously posed by the Basque separatist group ETA, which occasionally targeted tourist infrastructure, ceased following the organisation's official abandonment of armed struggle in December 2011.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Spain
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

© 2021 AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. All rights reserved. Reproduction (other than for authorised internal purposes) is prohibited except with the prior written consent of the copyright owners.