Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    HIGH MEDICAL RISK for Rwanda
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Rwanda
    MEDIUM TRAVEL RISK for Border with Congo (DRC)

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): Low -

Inbound travel is broadly possible with some inconvenience; restrictions affect a limited range of travellers.

Restrictions in place for a limited range of originating countries / nationalities arriving in country.  Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

RestrictionsInboundEntry restrictions
Kigali International Airport (KGL) is open. International visitors arriving by flight can visit Rwanda. There are no restrictions based on nationality or point of departure.

Land borders remain closed except to returning Rwandan citizens and permanent residents.
(Until further notice)
Testing requirements
All inbound travellers are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test certificate, taken within 72 hours prior to departure. Children under five are exempted from the testing requirement. All travellers will be screened and will take a second test at the airport (US$60) and stay in a designated hotel for 24 hours while awaiting the results. The list of designated hotels is available here: https://travel.rbc.gov.rw/travel/src/Designated%20Hotels.pdf

Quarantine requirements
People coming from India/Uganda, or who have been in India/Uganda in the previous 14 days, will have to quarantine for seven days in a designated hotel and at their own cost.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
All travellers must fill out the Passenger Locator Form within 72 hours of departure
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Travellers in transit (up to 24 hours) must follow the testing and quarantine measures.

All transiting travellers who are not leaving the airport and those who will leave the airport to go to the designated transit hotels for less than 24 hours will be screened upon entry and are not required to take a second test. This is not applicable for travellers transiting via overland travel. In that case, travellers will be tested using a RT-PCR test and wait for the results at the designated transit hotels before proceeding.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
OutboundAll travellers departing Rwanda must test negative for COVID-19, with the test taken within 72 hours before departure (US$60). Test not mandatory for children under five years old. Travellers are encouraged to book and pay for their tests at least two days prior to departure through the online platform available here: www.rbc.gov.rw
All departing travelers are required to wait 48 hours for the results of their COVID-19 test from the time of sample collection.
(Until further notice)
While land borders are closed, some individuals with a negative COVID-19 PCR test result may be allowed to exit by land. This will be approved on a case-by-case basis by border authorities.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticThe wearing of face masks remains mandatory for all citizens when going outside and also inside when social distancing is not possible.
(Until further notice)
A nationwide curfew is in place from 21.00 to 04.00. A curfew is in place between 19.00 and 04.00 in Karongi district. All business operations, including restaurants, shops, markets and shopping centres are to close operations at 21.00.

Movement between Kigali and other provinces and districts can resume.

Businesses can reopen with no more than 50% essential staff present.

Restaurants and cafes can operate at 50% capacity.

Meetings are allowed with no more than 30% capacity. COVID-19 testing is required for meetings of more than 20 people.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Tourism can resume within the country. Prior to departure, travellers must send the trip itinerary to visitrwanda@rdb.rw . A negative COVID test no older than 120 hours (5 days) will be required to access tourist sites and hotels. For some national parks, a negative COVID test no older than 72 hours is required (the Volcano parks, Nyungwe, Gishwati-Mukura and Akagera).
(Until further notice)

19 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Rwanda

COVID-19 information for Rwanda

Dedicated COVID-19 website


The main risk facing business travellers are road traffic accidents, particularly at night – the result of variable driving standards and poor vehicle maintenance, hilly terrain and the variable state of rural roads, which tend to deteriorate during the rainy season. In the capital Kigali, business travellers are vulnerable to street crime, though levels of crime are low as a result of a pervasive security force presence. Insecurity is greater in border areas with Congo (DRC), which can experience spillover violence perpetrated by armed groups based in that country. Sporadic, politically motivated grenade attacks have taken place in public places; any further such incidents would pose low, indirect risk to business travellers.

Although Rwanda, especially by African standards, is a relatively safe and straightforward travel environment, the region remains volatile and risks can change or develop at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please monitor our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Rwanda
CholeraOral vaccination is recommended for travellers
Read more
Hepatitis ARecommended for all travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
RabiesConsider for certain travellers, especially: For
Read more
Typhoid feverRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Yellow feverRwanda has a low risk of yellow fever
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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