Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    LOW MEDICAL RISK for Belgium
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Belgium

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): Medium -

Inbound travel is possible, but with notable inconvenience; restrictions affect a wide range of travellers.

Restrictions in place for a wide range of originating countries / nationalities arriving in country. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? Yes
(Until further notice)
Entry restrictions
A) Inbound travel for European nations
Travel for non-essential reasons is not recommended but possible without presenting a compelling reason.

B) Inbound travel for 'third country' nationals
It is prohibited to travel for non-essential reasons. Anyone entering Belgium for longer than 48 hours will need to present a valid reason for their visit (examples can be found under the exemptions section).
All travellers arriving from a country classified as 'red' in which they have stayed longer than 48 hours will be subject to entry restrictions. Those from an 'orange' or 'green' country can enter Belgium without any restrictions. You can check the colour code of countries here: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/colour-codes-by-country/

Decisions on testing and quarantine will ultimately be made through the passenger locator form (see passenger locator form section). After the traveller has filled in their information, they may receive a text, which means that testing upon entry is required on the first and seventh days of a ten-day quarantine. If no text message is received, no testing or quarantine is necessary.

Additional restrictions can be found at: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/travels/
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Quarantine requirements
A) Travellers from green or orange zones:
No quarantine necessary.

B) Travellers from COVID-19 variant areas:
All travellers, including Belgian citizens from India, South Africa, the UK and all of South America are required to spend ten days in quarantine with a PCR test taken on the first and seventh day.

C) Travellers from any other ‘red’ countries:
If receiving the text message after submitting the passenger locator form, a ten-day quarantine is required for all travellers, including Belgian nationals. You will be tested on days one and seven of quarantine. Quarantine may end after receiving a negative test result on the seventh day.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
All travellers staying in Belgium for more than 48 hours or coming to Belgium by air, boat, train or bus from a country outside the EU or the Schengen Area must fill in the passenger locator form no earlier than 48 hours prior to entry: https://travel.info-coronavirus.be/public-health-passenger-locator-form

For business travel of more than 48 hours, the partner business in Belgium will need to complete the Business Travel Abroad form: https://bta.belgium.be/en/login
(Ends 30 June 2021)
A) Exemptions from testing
If you are spending less than 48 hours in Belgium and are not travelling by air, train, bus or boat, you do not need to test.

B) Exemptions from quarantine
- If you are planning to travel outside or into Belgium for less than 48 hours.
- Border residents or frontier workers
- Transport of goods
- Mariners, tug crews, pilots and industrial staff working at offshore wind farms
- Cross-border co-parenting
- Frequent border crossings for students and interns

Partially exempt from quarantine (must remain in quarantine for the remainder of the time)
- Essential travel to Belgium
- Professional activities in Belgium after returning from a 'red zone' for essential or professional reasons

You can obtain a 'quarantine certificate' if you cannot work from home during your quarantine period: https://quarantaine.info-coronavirus.be/

C) Exemptions to the entry ban
Travel to Belgium for those affected by the entry ban is possible for the following reasons:
• Travel for professional reasons
• Travel undertaken by diplomats and staff of governments and similar roles
• Travel for compelling family reasons
• Travel for humanitarian reasons
• Study-related travel
• Travel that forms part of the everyday life of border municipalities and border regions
• Travel to take care of animals
• Travel in connection with legal obligations
• Travel to have urgent repairs carried out in the context of vehicle safety
• Travel in the context of moving house
• Travel for transit purposes
An essential travel document is needed and can be obtained by contacting the Belgian embassy.

Full list of essential travel: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/travels-outside-eu-schengen/
Full list of exemptions from testing and quarantine: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/exemptions/
(Ends 30 June 2021)
There are no restrictions or requirements for transit passengers.
(until further notice)
Testing requirements
A) Who needs to test?
Anyone who is above six years of age and travelling from a country which is classified as ‘red’ will need to get tested. Nationals will not be denied entry if they are not in possession of a negative PCR test, however they will be asked to do one within 24 hours of arrival. Non-nationals will be denied entry if they are not in possession of a negative test.

B) Type of test and number of hours
A PCR test not older than 72 hours prior to arrival.

C) What information needs to be included with the test result?
The information should be in Dutch, English, French, or German.
• Name of the person who has been tested
• When the test was performed
• Whether the test performed is an antigen, PCR or LAMP test
• The test result
• Issuer of the certificate
(Ends 30 June 2021)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any exit restrictions? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
The government has strongly discouraged all non-essential travel outside the EU.
Travellers leaving Belgium must register their trip via TravellersOnline: https://travellersonline.diplomatie.be/Culture/Selection?returnUrl=%2f%3fAspxAutoDetectCookieSupport%3d1
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? No
• Can businesses operate? Yes
• Are there restrictions on internal travel? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any other restrictions in place? Yes
(Until further notice)
Internal Restrictions
Each family can accommodate four people indoors (not including children).

Teleworking remains mandatory, with one day in the office per week. There are never more than 20% of the employees present at the same time (or a maximum of five people in SMEs with fewer than ten employees).

Outdoor and indoor catering can open from 05.00 until 23:30 with maximum four people or one household per table and a distance of 1.5 meters between tables.

Events (e.g. cultural performances, shows or sports competitions) can take place.
- Indoors: up to 200 people or 75% of the room capacity, seated, with face masks and at a safe distance from each other.
- Outdoors: up to 400 people, with face masks and at a safe distance from each other.
- Non-professional sports: up to 50 people indoors and 100 people outdoors (except for contact sports).

Full restrictions available at: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/faq/#id_5
(Ends 26 June 2021)
Planned changes and internal conditionsNew rules will apply for international travel from 1 July.
Further information at: https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/news/occ-0406/
(Until further notice)
Easing plan laid out here - https://www.info-coronavirus.be/en/news/occ-1806// (next stage 27 June)
(Until further notice)
Summary - Changes to the following measures:
• Border restrictions? No
• Entry restrictions? No
• Testing requirements? No
• Quarantine requirements? No
• Vaccination requirements? No
• Transit restrictions? No
• COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Internal restrictions? No
• Outbound restrictions? No
• Other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)

23 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Belgium

COVID-19 information for Belgium

Dedicated COVID-19 website


Belgium is a liberal democracy with a stable security environment. Levels of violent crime are generally low, but there is a risk of petty crime, especially at transport interchanges such as the Metro and at the Brussel-Zuid/Bruxelles-Midi train station (where the Eurostar,Thalys and national services arrive and depart). Low-income residential areas of Antwerp and Brussels occasionally experience unrest caused by tensions between immigrant and right-wing nationalist groups. In addition, trade union strikes occasionally disrupt air and road travel.

Police operations since 2001 have demonstrated that Islamist extremist terrorist cells have been established in the country; Islamist militant attacks occurred in May 2014 and March 2016. There is a credible risk that such groups will carry out further attacks in Belgium, possibly targeting the Brussels head offices of international entities, such as the EU or NATO, transport infrastructure and crowded public areas.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Belgium
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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