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Myanmar

Risk Ratings  
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    HIGH MEDICAL RISK for Myanmar
    HIGH TRAVEL RISK for Myanmar


COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Medium -

COVID-related impacts posing routine challenges to business operations.

The medical, logistics and security environments are impacted by the pressures of COVID-19. Pre-existing security risks increasingly likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns and associated pressures in the near/medium term. There may be delay in accessing urgent care due to pressures on the medical system. Core protective  elements of BCP likely to be implemented: non-essential staff  working from home, staff tracing in place, reinforced hygiene and segregation practices with robust escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

RestrictionsInboundSummary
• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Border restrictions
• Border closures/restrictions
- All international commercial flights into the country has been suspended until at least 30 June. Relief flights are exempted.
- Land borders with Bangladesh, India, Laos and Thailand, as well as most land borders with China are closed to passengers until further notice.
• Exemptions
- Since 5 June 2021, only the Kyane Sann Kyaw Gate and Wantein Gate remains open to passengers.
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Entry rules
• Inbound travel for local nationals / residents
- There are no restrictions on Myanmar nationals entering Myanmar, except for citizens who have been to India and Bangladesh in the past 14 days. These travellers will be banned entry.
• Inbound travel for “third country” nationals (including mention of any ‘fast track’ channels)
- All issuance of visas and visa exemptions have been suspended until at least 30 June.
- All foreign nationals are prohibited from entering Myanmar. Those who wish to enter for urgent official missions or for a compelling reason may reach out to the nearest Myanmar embassy on the possibility of being granted an exemption to visa and entry restrictions.
• Inbound travel from areas where virus variants of concern are circulating
- Passengers with a travel history to Bangladesh and India in the past 14 days are banned entry.
• Exemptions
- Myanmar-accredited diplomats, UN officials residing in Myanmar, as well as airline and maritime crew operating to or from Myanmar are exempt for these restrictions. These people may obtain entry visas through the respective Myanmar embassies.

(Until further notice)
Testing requirements
• Who needs to test? + Type of test and timeframe
- All foreign nationals permitted entry are required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result issued by a recognized laboratory before departure. The test must be taken within 72 hours before departure.
• Exemptions
- Returning Myanmar nationals are exempted from the pre-departure COVID-19 PCR test requirements.

(Until further notice)
Quarantine requirements
• Who must quarantine and for how long?
- All foreign nationals are required to self-quarantine for seven days in their country of origin. On arrival, they are also subject to a seven-day quarantine at a government designated facility, followed by a seven-day self-quarantine at their residence.
- All Myanmar nationals are subject to a 14-day quarantine at a government designated facility, followed by a seven-day self-quarantine at their residence.
• Additional tests in quarantine?
- All passengers will be subject to at least one COVID-19 test before the end of their mandatory quarantine at a government designated facility.
(Until further notice)
COVID-19 Documentation required
• All passengers (including Myanmar nationals) are required to present a Health Declaration Card on arrival. This can be found on the Ministry of Health and Sports website here: https://www.mohs.gov.mm/page/3608
(Until further notice)
OutboundSummary
• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any exit restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No

(Until further notice)
Border restrictions
• Border closures/restrictions
- All international commercial flights out of the country has been suspended until at least 30 June. Relief flights are exempted.
- Land borders with Bangladesh, India, Laos and Thailand, as well as most land borders with China are closed to passengers.
• Exemptions
- Since 5 June 2021, only the Kyane Sann Kyaw Gate and Wantein Gate remains open to passengers.

(Ends 30 June 2021)
Exit rules
• Outbound travel for local nationals / residents + “third country” nationals
- Since 13 May, all airlines operating relief flights are required to register outbound Myanmar nationals and foreign nationals with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 10 days before the flights. Background checks will be conducted by the relevant authorities.
(Until further notice)
Testing requirements
• Who needs to test? + Type of test and timeframe
- Outbound travellers may be required to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test result, taken within 72 hours before departure. However, the requirements may differ depending on the airline operating the relief flights.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? Yes
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? Yes
• Can businesses operate? Yes
• Are there other restrictions on internal travel? Yes
• Are there any other restrictions in place? Yes


(Until further notice)
State of emergency
• Details and until when?
- A year-long state of emergency is in place until at least 1 February 2022.

(Until further notice)
Curfews and lockdowns
• Locations and timings
- A nationwide curfew is in place from 22.00 to 04.00 (local time). During this period, people are not allowed to leave their residence unless for essential reasons.
- A stay-at-home order remain in place in Sagaing region (Kyee, Khar, Kalay and Tamu townships), Kachin state (parts of Hpakant township) and Chin State (Phalam, Hakha, Tidim, Thantlang, Tonzang townships).
- Under the stay-at-home order (which does not apply to civil servants and employees of certain industries), only one person per household is allowed to shop for essentials and only two people per household are allowed to seek medical treatment at any one time.
(Until further notice)
Restrictions on businesses
• Are businesses’ (including shops’) operations restricted by business type?
- Some restaurants, bars and shops have reopened with temperature checks and social distance measures in place.

(Until further notice)
Restrictions on internal travel
• What restrictions are in place
- Many security checkpoints have been set up nationwide. As each region or state may impose varying degree of measures on inbound travellers (such as presenting a negative COVID-19 test result, self-isolation or quarantine at designated facilities and presenting recommendation letters), domestic travellers are advised to liaise with the local office or host to confirm on the relevant measures and requirements ahead of planned trips.

(Until further notice)
Other social distancing measures
• Is mask wearing mandatory?
- Mask wearing remains mandatory in public spaces
• Schools
- Schools have gradually reopened since 1 June 2021
• Gatherings
- A gathering ban of more than five is in place for areas (most urban centres) under Section 144
- A gathering ban of more than 50 is in place for the rest of the areas
(Until further notice)

23 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)





Risk Summary

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Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Myanmar

COVID-19 information for Myanmar

Dedicated COVID-19 website

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The security risks have increased due to escalated levels of violence amid political instability since the military takeover on 1 February 2021. Large-scale anti-military protests, which were routinely dispersed by the security forces with live ammunition, have evolved into the frequent use of explosions targeting the military. The areas and targets affected have expanded to include supermarkets in central areas of the commercial capital Yangon, while the areas affected by fighting between ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) and the military have also spread beyond the traditional conflict zones. These factors have increased the overall volatility and unpredictability, increasing both impact and likelihood of incidental exposure to violence.

Insurgency-affected and border areas continue to experience escalated levels of fighting between ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) and the military, frequently affecting highways and major urban centres in the conflict zones of Shan, Kachin, Rakhine and Chin states. Furthermore, there has been an intensification of clashes between EAOs and the security forces, with fighting expanding beyond traditional insurgency-affected areas. This is most notable in Kayin's Hpapun district, Kayah's Demoso township and parts of Chin. This highlights the need to defer all travel to the worst-affected areas, as designated below.

Kachin, Kayin, Shan states and areas bordering Chinese, Laotian and Thai borders

Areas bordering Laos and Thailand are affected by ethnic separatist activity, unexploded ordnance (UXO) and criminal and drug-smuggling activities. In such locations, separatist insurgents have occasionally erected illegal roadblocks. This is especially the case on highways in Kayin state. Overland movement in the area requires thorough journey management planning.

Insurgent attacks and drug-smuggling activities occur on a regular basis in areas along the border of China, especially the northern, eastern and south-eastern parts of Kachin and Shan. Insurgencies pose significant threats in the following areas of Shan: Kokang Self-Administered Zone, Kunlong, Kyaukme, Lashio and Muse districts, as well as the townships of Kengtung and Mong Hsat. Regular clashes also occur between insurgents and government forces in Bhamo district (Kachin).

Rakhine and Chin states

Clashes between the military and the Arakan Army insurgent group continue to occur intermittently in Rakhine state. They pose significant incidental risks, particularly in the northern and central townships of Buthidaung, Kyauktaw, Maungdaw, Minbya, Mrauk-U, Myebon, Pauktaw, Ponnagyun and Rathedaung. These are closer to the border with Bangladesh and surrounding the state capital Sittwe. Such confrontations have also been reported in the southern areas of Chin state, namely Paletwa township.

The Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army continues to operate in northern townships of Rakhine, along the Myanmar-Bangladesh border. These areas are subject to frequent security operations and periodic bouts of unrest, which pose a serious incidental risk to bystanders.

Communal tensions between Buddhists and minority Muslim Rohingya communities occasionally degenerate into bouts of unrest that pose a serious incidental risk to those in the vicinity, particularly in northern townships of Rakhine state.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Check our alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.

STANDING TRAVEL ADVICE

Vaccinations For Myanmar
CholeraOral vaccination is recommended for travellers
Read more
Hepatitis ARecommended for all travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Japanese encephalitisVaccine is recommended for people who will
Read more
PolioA booster is recommended. Although polio has not
Read more
RabiesConsider for certain travellers, especially: For
Read more
Typhoid feverRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Yellow feverA yellow fever vaccination certificate is
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

 
 
 
Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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