Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    MEDIUM MEDICAL RISK for Thailand
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Thailand
    MEDIUM TRAVEL RISK for Myanmar and Cambodian border areas; Northern districts of Songkhla; Bangkok
    HIGH TRAVEL RISK for Southern provinces of Yala, Narathiwat, Pattani and the southern districts of Songkhla province

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

RestrictionsInboundReturning local nationals and other categories of travellers who are permitted entry must have the followings documents:
1) Fit-to-Fly Health Certificate is no longer required
2) A medical certificate indicating a negative COVID -19 test result (COVID test must be by RT-PCR method) issued within the 72 hours prior to departure
3) A Certificate of Entry (COE) to be presented at the check-in at the airline counter. Apply for the COE here: http://coethailand.mfa.go.th/ Applications for inbound travellers must include travel details, health insurance with a coverage of at least US$100,000. All travellers who have completed the vaccination are encouraged to fill in detail about the vaccination during submission for the COE.
4) A booking for quarantine spots to cover the entire quarantine period. Details of the hotels registered as 'Alternative State Quarantine' facilities can be found here: http://www.hsscovid.com/. During quarantine, travellers are required to monitor their condition closely and report any symptoms through a mobile application. From 1 July, Thai nationals who return from abroad by air or sea will have to pay the full cost of their quarantine (except for civil servants returning from work assignments, and 'vulnerable' Thai nationals. COVID-19 testing remains free: https://www.bangkokpost.com/thailand/general/2134707/free-state-quarantine-for-thais-set-to-end-on-july-1

Those allowed entry for specific reasons, such as familial relationship to Thai citizens or residency in Thailand, will need to provide documentary evidence of such. Further information is available here: https://www.caat.or.th/th/moicovid

Some of the entry requirements were eased on 31 March, according to a Royal Gazette announcement. However, the extent of the easing varies depending on various embassy announcements. Travellers should verify with their relevant embassies or airlines prior to departure

Quarantine Period Travellers are required to complete a seven-, ten- or 14-day quarantine (please note that effective 1 May, 14-day quarantine will be reinstated for most travellers):
1) Travellers who have completed the vaccination of the following vaccines no less than 14 days before departure and holds the vaccination certificate are required to undergo a seven-day quarantine at a government-approved hotel and will be given COVID-19 PCR tests twice during quarantine: AstraZeneca, Covidshield (Serum Institute of India), Johnson& Johnson, Moderna, Pfizer BioNTech, Sinovac, Sinopharm and SK BIOSCIENCE. Only the original vaccine certificate or printed online vaccination certificate can be presented to the authorities at Suvarnabhumi International Airport (BKK) in Bangkok upon arrival. Necessary documents are still required for travel. Visitors will still be required to show negative COVID-19 test results within 72 hours of their departure.
2) Travellers who have not received the vaccine or have received other vaccines not listed in point 1 are required to undergo a ten-day quarantine and will undergo two COVID-19 PCR tests during quarantine.
3) All travellers who travel from countries with a COVID-19 variant are required to undergo a 14-day quarantine. They will undergo three COVID-19 PCR tests during quarantine.
The currently affect countries include: Botswana, Cameroon, Congo (DRC), Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The list of countries will be updated monthly on the Ministry of Public Health website (http://www.ddc.moph.go.th/)
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Eleven categories of travellers are allowed into Thailand:
1) Thai nationals
2) Those who have received exemptions or have been invited by the prime minister or head of responsible persons for resolving state of emergency issues
3) Those who are on diplomatic or consular missions or under international organisations, or representatives of foreign governments
4) Carriers of necessary goods, subject to immediate return upon completion
5) Crew members on a mission
6) Foreign nationals who are spouses, parents or children of Thai nationals
7) Foreign nationals who hold a Certificate of Residence, including their spouses and children
8) Foreign nationals who have a work permit or have been granted exemption from the government to temporarily stay in Thailand
9) Foreign nationals who are students of educational institutions approved by the Thai authorities
10) Foreign nationals who are in need of medical treatment in Thailand, and their accompanying persons. However, this does not include medical treatment for COVID–19.
11) Foreign nationals who have been granted permission to enter Thailand under special arrangements between Thai government agencies and other countries, or persons or groups of persons who have been granted permission by the prime minister after the examination and review by the Ad Hoc Committee for the Consideration of the Relaxation of the Enforcement of Measures to Present and Suppress the Spread of the Communicable Disease Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19).
(Until further notice)
Effective from 1 May, Thailand has suspended issuing travel documents for non-thai nationals arriving from India.
(Until further notice)
All travellers and crew members must present a completed T.8 health questionnaire to the Health Control Office upon arrival. This document includes personal information and residence while in Thailand. The form can be downloaded here. https://www.thailandtravel.or.jp/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/T8_form.pdf . Travellers are also advised to download Thailand Plus Application and register prior to arrival. Refer https://image.mfa.go.th/mfa/0/YLjhuT4Hho/EN_Manual_for_Thailandplus_20210114.pdf for further informtion.
(Until further notice)
Land borders are closed, unless used for the repatriation of stranded Thai nationals in neighbouring countries.
(Until further notice)
The Thai Government has confirmed the extension of the grace period for visa extension for stranded foreign nationals in the country. Travellers who submit a late application within 90 days after 31 October 2020 will be subject to a fine.
(Until further notice)
Foreigners in Thailand on long-term non-immigrant visas may be required to report online to authorities every 90 days in order to ensure the validity of the visa. Please refer to the Immigration Bureau website (https://www.immigration.go.th/en/?page_id=1666) for further information.
(Until further notice)
Thailand is allowing foreigners to stay in the country for 90 days, extendable up to 270 days under a special tourist visa scheme (STV). This visa will only be issued to people willing to undergo a 14-day quarantine, have proof of long-term plans, financial capability to pay for accommodation, COVID-19 free certificate and sufficient travel/health insurance. Those interested will need to apply with the Department of Disease Control (DDC) in Thailand. International visitors are allowed to enter the country via cruise ships and yachts, under the STV arrangement.
(Until further notice)
Travellers from Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan are barred entry. Thai embassies in Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan had now also stopped issuing certificates of entry for non-Thai nationals, while Thai nationals are still allowed to apply for the document, which is needed to return to Thailand during the pandemic.
(Until further notice)
Thailand has reinstated the 14-day quarantine period in light of COVID-19 worldwide. Authorities said the 14-day mandatory quarantine will also apply to all those who hold a certificate of entry (COE) issued on or after 1 May.
Travellers who hold a COE that was issued before 1 May and who arrive before 6 May will be quarantined for seven to ten days depending on their inoculation status. People arriving after 6 May will be quarantined for 14 days.
Travellers checking into alternative state quarantine venues will be required to stay inside their rooms at all times. They will not be allowed to use any facilities the hotel may offer and are required to undergo three Covid tests during the quarantine period.
(Until further notice)
OutboundThe Civil Aviation Authority of Thailand has opened up more airports for special international flights. Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Hat Yai, Hua Hin, Krabi, Koh Samui and Surat Thani have been given permission to handle international flights which are repatriating foreign nationals, or Thai citizens coming home.
(Until further notice)
The Interior Ministry has ordered for a maximum of one land checkpoint to be opened per border province. Only Chiang Rai will be exempted, as it borders both Myanmar and Laos.
Checkpoints with Malaysia are closed.
The first Thai-Myanmar Friendship Bridge in Task is closed.
The border linking Kanchanaburi and Myanmar is closed.
Ban Khao Din in Sa Kaeo linking Thailand to Cambodia is closed.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticTwenty-five airports are currently operating domestic flights. This includes the capital Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi International Airport (BKK), Don Muang Airport(DMK), and Phuket International Airport (HKT, Phuket province) with suspension of domestic flights from 23.00-04.00 until further notice.
(Until further notice)
Forty-five provinces have issued entry restrictions and quarantine requirements.
The following provinces have entry restrictions in place:
- Northern Provinces: Kampangpetch, Chiang Mai, Tak, Nakonsawan, Nan, Payao, Pichit, Pitsanulok, Petchaboon, Phrae Lampoon, , Utaradith, Uthaithani, Lampang and Sukhothai
- Northeastern Provinces: Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphoom, Nakornphanom, Bukkarn, Burirum, Mahasarakham, Mukdaharn, Yasothorn, Surin, Sakonnakhon, Nongkhai, Nongbualamphu, Amnajchareon, Udonthani and Ubonratchathani
- Central and East Provinces: Chainat, Loburi, Saraburi and Singburi
- Southern Provinces: Krabi,Chumphon, Trang, Nakornsrithamarat, Narathiwas, Pattani, Phang-nga, Satun, Songkhla, Ranong and Suratthani.

Please find the most updated list of provinces and restrictions' details at: http://www.moicovid.com/%E0%B8%82%E0%B9%89%E0%B8%AD%E0%B8%A1%E0%B8%B9%E0%B8%A5%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%B3%E0%B8%84%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%8D-%E0%B8%88%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%87%E0%B8%AB%E0%B8%A7%E0%B8%B1%E0%B8%94/
(Until further notice)
Buriram province:
Entering to Buriram domestically is based on the province travellers depart from.
1) International travellers or travellers from Bangkok, Nakornpathom, Nonthaburi, Pathumthani and Samutprakarn will need to:
- register on the Mor Chana contact tracing application and register online
- undergo a 14-day home-quarantine or take a rapid test at the checkpoint at the cost of 600 baht. The traveller will bear the cost of the test. If the result is negative, no quarantine is required.

2) Travellers from other zones will need to:
- register on the Mor Chana contact tracing application
- register with the local authority upon arrival
- follow authorities' regulations on self-monitoring for COVID-19 symptoms

3) Inbound travellers to Buriram who plan to stay less than 14 days or within the same day will need to:
- take a rapid test at the cost of 600 baht. The traveller will bear the cost of the test.
(Until further notice)
Phuket province:
COVID-19-related measures for entering Phuket for local and foreign nationals:
1) People who are fully vaccinated with official documents or have received at least one dose of the AstraZeneca vaccine can enter Phuket.
2) People who have tested negative for COVID-19 through a RT-PCR or rapid antigen test obtained no more than seven days before departure date can enter Phuket.
3) For people who do not have documents listed in number 1 and 2, they will have to self-quarantine for 14 days.
4) Arrivals by air must:
- Register on the Mor Chana contact tracing application
- Register online (www.gophuget.com).

Most businesses have been allowed to reopen. Sale and consumption of alcohol are allowed until 23.00. Entertainment businesses and businesses that resemble entertainment venues remain closed.

70% of staff of the outlet must be fully vaccinated with two injections or the number of doses required for each vaccine or only one injection for AstraZeneca at least 14 days before resuming work.
For more details, please see: https://www.thephuketnews.com/phuket-restaurants-allowed-to-sell-alcohol-as-restrictions-eased-80424.php and https://www.tatnews.org/2021/05/phuket-to-relax-covid-19-restrictions-from-1-june-2021/
(Ends 1 July 2021)
Bangkok: Easing of restrictions on eateries in the country’s COVID-19 Deep Red, Red and Orange zones: Restaurants in dark red zones such as Bangkok will be allowed to reopen for dine-in services but at a limited capacity of 25% and will have to close at 21.00. Bangkok, the epicentre of the outbreak, and four other provinces (Nonthaburi, Pathum Thani and Samut Prakan) are categorised as dark red zones.

Massage shops, clinics and public parks must remain closed, along with schools, cinemas, gyms and zoos.
(Until further notice)
The authorities have imposed night-time restrictions in several provinces. A curfew from 21.00 to 04.00 is in effect. Travel should be avoided during this period. Other provinces are liable to impose similar restrictions at short notice.

The provinces that have imposed night time restrictions include Bueng Kan, Nonthaburi, Phuket, Pathum Thani, Samut Prakan, Samut Sakhon, Songkhla, Surat Thani and Trang provinces. Refer to the Thailand tourism authority's website for further details: https://www.tatnews.org/2021/04/night-time-restrictions-imposed-in-a-number-of-thai-provinces/
(Until further notice)
The Thai authorities have imposed a new color-code system for restrictions in various COVID-19 affected areas. The system now includes namely, Dark Red Zone, Red Zone, and Orange Zone. With details as below:
Maximum and Strict Controlled Area (Deep Red Zone)
- Wear face masks in public places
- Gatherings of more than 20 people are not allowed
- Dine-in is prohibited, take-away until 21.00 (alcoholic beverages are not allowed)
- Markets and convenience stores open from 04.00-23.00
- Pubs, bars and karaoke closed
- Shopping malls open until 21.00
- Schools and tutoring centres are not allowed to hold in-person classes
- Other high-risk venues (for example: gyms, beauty clinics) to be closed while outdoor sports venues can remain open until 21.00 without attendance

Maximum Controlled Areas (Red Zone)
- Wear face masks in public places
- Gatherings of more than 50 people are not allowed
- Dine in until 21.00, take away until 23.00 (alcoholic beverages are not allowed)
- Markets and convenience stores open from 04.00-23.00
- Pubs, bars and karaoke closed
- Shopping malls open until 21.00
- Schools and tutoring centres are not allowed to hold in-person classes
- Other high-risk venues (for example: gyms, beauty clinics) to be closed while outdoor sports venues can remain open until 21.00 with limited audiences

Controlled Areas (Orange Zone)
- Wear face masks in public places
- Gatherings of more than 50 people are not allowed
- Dine in until 21.00, take away until 23.00 (alcoholic beverages are not allowed)
- Markets and convenience stores open normally
- Shopping malls open until 21.00
- Schools and tutoring centres are not allowed to hold in-person classes
- Other high-risk venues open, but with limited numbers of people

More details here: https://thailand.prd.go.th/ewt_news.php?nid=11235&filename=index
(Until further notice)
Planned changes and internal conditionsPhuket Sandbox from 1 July:
These requirements will be in place for travellers entering Phuket:
1. Travellers must be fully vaccinated with the complete set of doses of COVID-19 vaccination or have taken the first dose of the AstraZeneca vaccination at least 14 days before arrival. Children below six years old are exempted.
2. Travellers who have previously been infected with COVID-19 but have recovered at least 90 days before arrival into Phuket are also exempted.
3. Any other travellers not specified in the above groups will be subject to a RT-PCR for antigen rapid test once every seven days (for Thai nationals) and once every three days (for foreign nationals).

Travellers must download the 'Mo Chana' application. They must share their locations at all times while in Phuket. Travellers must use the facilities, restaurants, rental cars or service places that has the SHA PLUS standard, which will be strictly used from 1 July.


- Only travellers from low-to-medium risk countries will be allowed, according to the Ministry of Public Health. List of countries can be found here: https://ddc.moph.go.th/dcd/pagecontent.php?page=606&dept=dcd
- Foreign nationals will be permitted entry to Phuket International Airport (HKT). Transit via Suvarnabhumi Airport (BKK) to Phuket is allowed.
- Travellers arriving in Phuket will need to stay a minimum of two weeks before travelling to other parts of Thailand.
- Children between six and 18 years old will be administered a rapid antigen COVID-19 test as soon as they arrive at Phuket International Airport.
- All travellers are required to stay in an accommodation that is certified with the Amazing Thailand Safety and Health Administration (SHA) Plus certification for no less than 14 nights For more details, please see: https://www.tatnews.org/2021/06/initial-information-phuket-sandbox/
(until further notice)

23 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Thailand

COVID-19 information for Thailand

Dedicated COVID-19 website


The security environment varies across the country. An insurgency in the three southern Muslim-majority provinces of Narathiwat, Pattani and Yala results in regular attacks in these areas.

Outside the far south, petty crime poses the main threat, particularly in tourist destinations such as the capital Bangkok, Pattaya and the islands of Phuket and Koh Samui.

There remains credible potential for sizeable and sometimes disruptive protests, although the country has thus far not experienced the level of political unrest and violence in the lead-up to the 2014 coup that ousted the Puea Thai government. Nevertheless, there remain several issues such as perceived limitation by the authorities on democratic rights as well as perceived socio-economic inequalities, which could trigger further unrest.

Further protests have the potential to be driven by anti-government elements as well as by government loyalists. In the first part of 2018, pro-democracy protests took place, including on the anniversary of the 22 May 2014 coup. In mid-2020, protests also took place in major urban centres against the administration of the military-backed Phalang Pracharat Party (PPRP). These developments have been accompanied by counter-demonstrations led by pro-establishment groups. Clashes between protesters and the security forces are possible during such gatherings, especially if forceful methods are deployed to disperse participants.

Terrorist attacks outside the country's insurgent-affected southern provinces cannot be ruled out. Disrupted plots in early 2012 and April 2014 to carry out attacks in the Khao San Road area of Bangkok underlined the risk of terrorism from transnational groups, including against foreign nationals or places frequented by tourists.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Thailand
Hepatitis ARecommended for all travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for most travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Japanese encephalitisVaccine is recommended for people who will
Read more
Typhoid feverRecommended for adventurous and long-term
Read more
Yellow feverA yellow fever vaccination certificate is
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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