Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    LOW MEDICAL RISK for Italy
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Italy

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): Medium -

Inbound travel is possible, but with notable inconvenience; restrictions affect a wide range of travellers.

Restrictions in place for a wide range of originating countries / nationalities arriving in country. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Entry restrictions

A) Inbound travel for local nationals / residents

Italian nationals and residents can enter from any country. They must, however, adhere to different testing and quarantine regulations depending on where they come from (see testing and quarantine section).

B) Inbound travel for “third country” nationals

The authorities have placed each country under a certain list: either A, B, C, D or E. Whether or not travel is possible to Italy - and under what conditions - depends on which category the original country falls under.

The list can be found here: https://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto

A detailed explanation of the testing and quarantine requirements for each list can be found below.

C) Inbound travel from areas where virus variants of concern are circulating

Travellers are banned from entering if they have been in Bangladesh, Brazil, India or Sri Lanka in the past 14 days. This entry ban does not apply to Italian citizens and residents.

Further details and exemptions for India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka can be found at the following link: https://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=7

Further details and exemptions for Brazil can be found at the following link: https://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=6

D) Additional information

Italy has produced a website in which you enter the details of your travel to Italy and it will inform you of the restrictions which are applicable. This can be found at: https://infocovid.viaggiaresicuri.it/returningtoitaly.html
(Ends 30 July 2021)
Testing requirements
All travellers (see exemptions below) arriving from a country on List C, D or E must present evidence of a COVID-19 test. The country list can be found here: http://www.viaggiaresicuri.it/approfondimenti-insights/saluteinviaggio

Type of test and number of hours?
For those arriving from a List C country, an antigen or PCR test taken no more than 48 hours before departure is required.

Those arriving from a List D country need a PCR or antigen test taken no more than 72 hours before departure.

Those entering Italy from a List E country (who are subject to a ten-day quarantine on arrival) need an antigen or PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure. They should also take another test at the end of the quarantine period.

Those few allowed to enter from variant areas (Brazil, India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka) need an antigen or PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before departure, an antigen or PCR test taken within 48 hours of arrival, plus a further test taken at the end of a mandatory quarantine period.

What information needs to be included with the test result?
The Italian government does not specify what information needs to be included, other than the test needs to be a swab test.
(Ends 30 July 2021)
Quarantine requirements
A) Who must quarantine and for how long?
Those entering from countries under List C (European countries and others including Israel - refer to full List via below link) do not have to quarantine, provided they show a negative test upon arrival.
Travellers who have stayed or transited in the past 14 days in a country included in lists D and E have to quarantine for ten days. At the end of their quarantine period, they will have to take an additional molecular or antigenic swab. (see exemptions below)

List of countries: http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto

There is now a 5 day quarantine requirement for those travelling from the UK.

B) Where can this be done?
This can be done at any accommodation. Travel there must be done by private transport.
(Ends 30 July 2021)

All travellers arriving in Italy must complete a digital Passenger Locator Form (PLF). This can be found at: https://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=10

If a family is travelling together, only one member of the family will have to complete the PLF. Those arriving from San Marino and the Vatican do not need to complete this.
(Until further notice)
A) Exemptions from testing:
- transport crew members;
- haulage workers;
- persons travelling to and from San Marino and Vatican City
- persons entering Italy for a period not exceeding 120 hours for proven work, health, or absolutely essential reasons, subject to the obligation to immediately leave the Country at the end of the said period, or, if unable to do so, to undergo a period of supervised self-isolation
- persons travelling through Italy, by private transport, for a period of no more than 36 hours
- cross-border workers
- employees of corporations or entities with headquarters or branch offices in Italy and travelling abroad for proven work reasons for no longer than 120 hours;
- students attending a study programme in a country other than the country of residence or home country, to which they return on a daily basis or at least once a week.

B) Exemptions from quarantine only:

- Movements from and to San Marino and Vatican City.
- Citizens and residents of the States and territories referred to in lists A, B, C and D who enter Italy for proven work reasons beyond 120 hours (including business trips of more than 5 days).
- If a traveller is resident in Italy and works there and travels abroad for less than 120 hours prior to returning to Italy, they do not need to self-isolate on return.
- Travellers passing through Italy by private means for a period of less than 36 hours do not need to self-isolate.
- European nationals and nationals of countries under List A, B, C and D entering Italy to take up employment do not need to self-isolate even if they had previously been living in a country other than their home nation (one which would otherwise require self-isolate – i.e. South Africa).
- Cross-border workers entering and leaving the national territory for proven reasons of work and for the subsequent return to their residence, home, or abode.
- Staff of companies and entities with registered or secondary offices in Italy for travel abroad for proven work requirements of no more than 120 hours.
- Officials and other civil servants of the EU or international organisations.
- Health personnel entering Italy for the exercise of professional health qualifications.
- Travellers arriving on 'COVID-tested' flights are exempted from quarantine. Flights are available from Canada, Japan, the UAE and the US. Further information on routes and requirements can be found here: https://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=9

Specific exemptions from the quarantine requirement can be issued by the Ministry of Health. The complete procedure and all details are available at: http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=7
The request for specific exemption has to be done at least seven days before the date of entry in Italy to the following email address: coordinamento.usmafsasn@sanita.it

For those coming from abroad who are already on the national territory before the exemption is granted, the assessment of the possible exemption from fiduciary isolation falls to the competent ASL. Consult the page: http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=english&id=5371&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=aChiRivolgersi

Further details can be found at: www.salute.gov.it/portale/nuovocoronavirus/dettaglioContenutiNuovoCoronavirus.jsp?lingua=italiano&id=5412&area=nuovoCoronavirus&menu=vuoto&tab=7
(Ends 30 July 2021)
There are no restrictions for transit passengers.
(Until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any exit restrictions? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Train services with Switzerland are operating on a reduced schedule.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? Yes
• Can businesses operate? Yes
• Are there restrictions on internal travel? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any other restrictions in place? Yes
(Until further notice)
Internal restrictions

Regions are currently split into two zones: white or yellow.

Yellow: Valle d'Aosta

White: Abruzzo, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Emilia Romagna, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Lazio, Liguria, Lombardy, Marche, Molise, Piedmont, Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Autonomous Province of Trento, Puglia, Sardinia, Sicily, Tuscany, Umbria, Veneto.
- There is no curfew in white regions.
- There is a curfew between 23.59 and 05.00 in yellow regions. Travellers can be exempt from this curfew if they have proof of either vaccination, recent recovery from COVID-19, or a PCR/antigen test result.

The regional ratings and detailed restrictions corresponding to each zone can be found here: http://www.governo.it/it/articolo/domande-frequenti-sulle-misure-adottate-dal-governo/15638#zone
(Until further notice)
Regional inbound travel requirements are in place.
- Apulia region: Passengers are required to fill in the following online form: https://www.sanita.puglia.it/autosegnalazione-coronavirus
- Calabria region: Passengers are required to fill in the following online form: https://www.rcovid19.it/prenotazione-rientri/
- Campania region: Travellers returning from extra-Schengen countries are required to register their presence in the region to the local health authorities (ASL). They may then be required to take a antibody test.
- Emilia-Romagna region: Passengers are required to fill in the following online form: https://applicazioni.regione.emilia-romagna.it/ReportERHome/dafne/forms/rientro-estero
- Piedmont region: Italian nationals and residents who are required to undergo quarantine upon their return must contact the ASL and fill in the following form: https://www.regione.piemonte.it/web/sites/default/files/media/documenti/2020-08/covid19_modulo_rientro_isolamento.pdf
- Sardinia region: Passengers are required to fill in the following online form: https://sus.regione.sardegna.it/sus/covid19/regimbarco/init;jsessionid=A0AFE3E494531A0B6C5155AC01625994.sus2?lang=it Travellers are allowed to enter in Sardinia if one of these conditions is met: they have been vaccinated (valid for nine months from the second dose or 15 days have passed since the first dose), they have recovered from COVID-19 or they have a negative COVID-19 test result from a test undertaken no more than 48 hours prior to departure.
- Sicily region: Travellers are required to report their presence in the region through the following form: https://www.costruiresalute.it/?q=coronavirus-sicilia
(Ends 31 July 2021)
Planned changes and internal conditionsFrom 28 June, Italy will lift the requirement for people to weak face masks outdoors. Masks will still be required in indoor public areas. Masks should be worn outdoors if there are significant crowds.
(Until further notice)
Summary - Changes to the following measures:
• Border restrictions? No
• Entry restrictions? No
• Testing requirements? No
• Quarantine requirements? No
• Vaccination requirements? No
• Transit restrictions? No
• COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Internal restrictions? Yes
• Outbound restrictions? No
• Other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)

23 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Italy

COVID-19 information for Italy

Dedicated COVID-19 website


Petty and opportunistic crime pose the main risk in major urban centres, particularly in tourist spots. Violent crime rates remain low. Like other Western European countries, Italy faces a credible risk of terrorist attack by Islamist extremists, though none has so far occurred. Protests against government policies and strikes occur regularly and can cause travel disruption.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Italy
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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