Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    LOW MEDICAL RISK for Germany
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Germany

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

RestrictionsInboundTesting requirements

A) Who needs to test?
- Anyone over the age of six travelling to Germany by plane.
- Anyone over the age of six travelling to Germany via land or sea who was in a risk, high incidence or virus variant area in the past ten days as defined by the Robert Koch Institute: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Risikogebiete_neu.html

B) Type of test and timeframe
- PCR, antigen, TMA and LAMP tests are accepted.
- For those arriving from high-incidence or risk areas by plane, you must have a PCR test result not older than 72 hours old, or a rapid antigen test not older than 48 hours old.
- For anyone arriving by plane from a virus variant area, you must have a PCR test result taken within 72 hours prior to arrival or a rapid antigen test than is not more than 24 hours old. The result must be presented at boarding.
- For travellers arriving via land or sea from high-incidence/virus variant areas, you must present a negative test taken no more than 48 hours or 24 hours prior to entry, respectively.
- For travellers by land from risk areas, the test may be taken within 48 hours after arrival.

C) What information is required in the test result?
The information must be in German, English or French
- Name of the person who has been tested
- When the test was performed
- Whether the test performed is an antigen, PCR or LAMP test
- The test result
- Issuer of the certificate

D) Exemptions
Travellers arriving from risk areas or high-incidence areas are exempt from the testing requirements if they present proof of full vaccination or proof of recovery from COVID-19.
- Proof of vaccination: a period of at least 14 days must have elapsed since receiving the last vaccine dose.
- Proof of recovery: a positive PCR test result carried out at least 28 days but no more than six months previously.

This proof must be held prior to entering the country, and must be presented to the airline before departure. For travellers arriving by land or sea from a risk area, proof must be presented no later than 48 hours after entry.
(Until further notice)
Quarantine requirements

A) Who must quarantine and for how long?
People who stayed in a risk area have to quarantine for ten days immediately after entry into Germany. The quarantine can be ended early if proof of recovery, proof of vaccination or a negative COVID test result (PCR test no older than 72 hours or an antigen test no older than 48 hours) is transmitted via the entry portal at https://www.einreiseanmeldung.de
After a stay in high-incidence areas , testing can be carried out five days after entry at the earliest. After staying in virus variant areas, the quarantine lasts 14 days and it is not possible to end the quarantine early.

The list of risk area, high-incidence area or virus-variant area as defined by the Robert Koch Institute can be found at: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Risikogebiete_neu.html

Please see the section on exemptions for more information.

B) Where can this be done?
This can be done at any accommodation.

C) Exemptions
Exemptions from the requirement to quarantine apply in particular to persons – except those travelling from areas of variant of concern – who:
- Have merely passed through a risk area or high-incidence area (not an area of variant of concern) without a stopover.
- Are only passing through Germany and leaving the country via the fastest route available.
- Have spent fewer than 24 hours in a risk area or are only entering Germany for a period of up to 24 hours.

Business trips of less than five days are allowed without quarantine. Travellers must have upon arrival a test, a vaccination certificate or a COVID19 recovery certificate.
Business travellers coming from risk areas, including national returning from a business trip, do not have to quarantine if they have spent less than five days in the risk area.

Travellers from high-incidence regions who have been vaccinated (full vaccination at least 14 days) don't need to quarantine if they submit proof of vaccination or proof of recovery, and even if the trip is longer than 5 days.

The requirement to quarantine applies to arrivals from risk areas and high-incidence areas until proof of full vaccination, recovery from an infection or a negative test result is submitted via the entry portal (www.einreiseanmeldung.de).
For arrivals from high-incidence areas, the quarantine period may be ended on the basis of a negative test result, carried out no earlier than five days after entry. For arrivals from areas of variant of concern, a reduction of the quarantine period is not possible. In such cases, the quarantine period is always 14 days.

More information available at: https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/en/einreiseundaufenthalt/EinreiseUndAufenthalt and https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/fileadmin/Dateien/3_Downloads/C/Coronavirus/Verordnungen/BAnz_AT_12.05.2021_V1_EN_angepasst.pdf
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Travellers arriving from a risk area, high incidence area or virus variant area in the last ten days must register their travel before entering Germany at https://www.einreiseanmeldung.de/

Those who have only transited in a risk area do not need to complete the form.
(Until further notice)
Transit passengers are exempt from quarantine requirements.

- Air travel: Transit passenger traversing Germany (i.e. for international transit) to another Schengen country are still required to comply with testing requirements. The test must have been taken within 48 hours prior to arrival and the result must be presented at boarding. Persons under six years of age and aircraft crews are exempt.

- If coming from India, transit through Germany to any other Schengen destination is only permitted for German nationals and holders of a German resident permit.

- Transit to non-Schengen destinations from non-Schengen destinations is allowed for all passengers regardless of nationality.

- Transit passengers from virus variant areas will not be allowed to board their flight if their final destination is in the Schengen area. This is not the case if their final destination is outside Schengen area.

- Other modes of transport (except air travel): Passenger in transit from high-incidence areas and other risk areas are exempt from testing requirements under certain circumstances. These include transit through a risk area without a stopover prior to entering Germany as well as transit through Germany via the fastest route. No exceptions can be made for entry from virus variant areas.

- There is no time limit to how long a passenger can stay in the transit area. Testing facilities are often available at airports. Travellers should verify where the testing facilities are located before departure and verify if they are located within or outside the transit area.

Frankfurt airport: Lufthansa, Fraport and CENTOGENE are offering a COVID-19 test at Frankfurt Airport. The centre is outside the transit area, so travellers need the necessary visas and COVID-19 entry requirements to pass security and immigration checkpoints. The swab center is centrally located in the transition between Terminal 1 and the long-distance train station (The Squaire). It offers PCR and rapid antigen tests. For PCR tests, registration is required but appointments are not needed. Registration here: https://corona.centogene.com/login
For rapid antigen test, registration and booking appointments are necessary: https://corona.centogene.com/login
A testing facility is located in the non-Schengen international area for flights to China only.
(Until further notice)
Medical grade face masks are compulsory in airports and on flights hosted by German airlines.
(until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? Yes
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there any other restrictions? Yes
(Until further notice)
Entry rules

A) Inbound travel for European nationals
EU and Schengen nationals are able to enter Germany.

B) Inbound travel for 'third-country' nationals
- Germany allows unrestricted entry for residents of Albania, Australia, Hong Kong, Israel, Japan, Lebanon, Macau, New Zealand, North Macedonia, Serbia, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, USA
- Other third-country nationals are permitted to enter Germany if they are skilled and highly qualified foreign national workers whose employment is necessary from an economic perspective and whose work cannot be postponed or performed abroad. The categories of permitted travellers can be found here: https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/civil-protection/coronavirus/coronavirus-faqs.html#doc13797140bodyText3
Those looking to use this exemption are advised to use the following 'Declaration of the absolute necessity of short-term business travel' form: https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/downloads/EN/themen/civil-protection/declaration-absolute-necessity-business-travel-of-short-duration.pdf?__blob=publicationFile&v=3
- Third-country nationals with residency are allowed to enter. This includes those with student visas. Additionally, some allowances are made for family matters: https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/civil-protection/coronavirus/travel-restrictions-border-control/travel-restriction-border-control-list.html#f14104798

C) Inbound travel from areas where virus variants of concern are circulating
- Germany has imposed a general ban on travel and entry from countries with widespread occurrence of COVID-19 variants (under 1. here https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Risikogebiete_neu.html ).
At present, this includes: Botswana, Brazil, Eswatini, India, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Nepal, South Africa, the UK, Uruguay, Zambia and Zimbabwe. This ban does not cover German citizens and residents or those transiting German airports to non-Schengen destinations, and few other exemptions: https://www.rki.de/DE/Content/InfAZ/N/Neuartiges_Coronavirus/Risikogebiete_neu.htm

D) Inbound travel for vaccinated travelers
- Those who have spent time in a high-incidence or risk area can use proof of vaccination rather than a test to enable entry to Germany. This does not apply if the traveller is coming from a virus variant location.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticThe following internal restrictions are in place nationwide:

- Medical-grade face masks such as FFP2, KN95 or surgical masks are compulsory in business premises, shopping centres, public buildings, public transport and other indoor places. Face masks are also required in all public areas where people are closely packed together in regions with more than 35 infections per 100,000 inhabitants.
- Closure of all pubs and restaurants, except for takeaway services, and all other leisure/entertainment venues.
- Most non-essential shops are closed.
- Contacts at private meetings are restricted to five people from a maximum of two households. More social contact is permitted in areas where the seven-day incidence rate (the number of new COVID-19 infections per 100.000 inhabitants within seven days) is stable below 35.
- Residents are asked to refrain from non-essential movement and to work from home when possible.
- Overnight stays in hotels for tourist purposes are banned. Residents of areas with an incidence of more than 200 new cases per 100,000 inhabitants may be restricted from travelling more than ten miles (15km) from their town without a valid reason.
- Vaccinated people: People who have received both doses of the vaccine are exempt from many restrictions: nightly curfews, can meet others in the same category, do not need to show negative test to enter shops or be in quarantine after travel (except from variant areas). But need to continue social distancing and wearing masks

Those who have either received both doses of the vaccine against COVID-19 or who have recovered from COVID-19 are exempt from curfew and contact restrictions.

For more specific details, you can consult the Federal Interior Ministry webpage at this link: https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/corona-massnahmen-1734724

More information can also be found here: https://www.bayern.de/bericht-aus-der-kabinettssitzung-vom-23-maerz-2021/
(Until further notice)
Different measures are implemented in the different Lander, further details can be found on the relevant state's websites, available at: https://www.bundesregierung.de/breg-de/themen/coronavirus/corona-bundeslaender-1745198
(Until further notice)
Several federal states have extended the restrictions for domestic travellers from German hotspots. The federal states have decided on a ban on accommodation for travellers from domestic areas with high infection rates. The ban is in place in almost all federal states. Further information can be found here: https://www.adac.de/news/beherbergungsverbot-corona-hotspots/
Domestic travellers from German hotspots should check with their booked hotel before travelling.
(Until further notice)
Bavaria state: A night-time curfew is in effect from 22.00 to 05.00. No curfew is in place for rural districts and urban districts where the seven-day incidence value is under 100 new infections per 100,000 inhabitants.

Outdoor cultural events and dining allowed where the incidence is under 100.
FFP2 masks are mandatory in shops, public areas and on public transport except for children under six years old.

Curfew and contact restrictions do not apply to fully vaccinated and convalescent people.

Further information can be found here: https://www.corona-katastrophenschutz.bayern.de/faq/index.php
(Until further notice)
Saxony state: If the seven-day case rate of the district is below 100 new infections:
- Private gatherings of members of two household are permitted with a maximum of five people in closed rooms or ten people outside.
- Outdoor dining allowed with booking and contact tracking. If more than one household is sitting at one table, all of them are required to test.
- Group training for up to 20 minors is allowed outdoors.
- A compulsory COVID-19 test is necessary at the beginning of a stay at accommodation.
Further information can be found here: https://www.coronavirus.sachsen.de/amtliche-bekanntmachungen.html?_cp=%7B%22accordion-content-10633%22%3A%7B%221%22%3Atrue%7D%2C%22previousOpen%22%3A%7B%22group%22%3A%22accordion-content-10633%22%2C%22idx%22%3A1%7D%7D#a-10630
(Ends 30 June 2021)
Hessen state: nightly curfew in Frankfurt from 22.00 to 05.00 (except vaccinated people and people who have recovered)
Private gatherings can only take place between members of two households for a maximum of five people. A distance of five feet (1.5 metres) must be maintained. Retail outlets can open within the framework of a fixed appointment and compliance with special hygiene rules. Masks must be worn on public transport and in a number of public areas.
People who are fully vaccinated and people who recovered from it do not require to present a negative test result to go shopping or to a beauty salon; do not count for contact restrictions for private gatherings or sport activities; night curfews do not apply to them; quarantine obligation does not apply if they return from corona risk areas.
Further information can be found here: https://soziales.hessen.de/gesundheit/aktuelle-informationen-corona
(Until further notice)
Baden-Wurttemberg state:
For municipalities and districts with incidence over 100:
- Curfew from 22.00 to 05.00
- Close-contact services must close. Hairdressing establishments are allowed to remain open
- Cultural and recreational facilities are closed
- Gatherings are limited to an household plus one person

For municipalities and districts with incidence under 100:
Opening stage 1
- Opening of hotels and other tourist accommodation.
- Opening of outdoor and indoor catering between 18.00 and 21.00.
- Permission for cultural events, especially theatre, opera and concert performances plus film screenings outdoors.
- Opening of galleries, museums and memorials.
- Opening of smaller outdoor leisure facilities (miniature golf courses, high rope courses, boat hire) for small groups (up to 20 people).
- Opening of sports facilities for low-contact, outdoor recreational and amateur sport in small groups.
- Opening of external areas in swimming pools, thermal baths, leisure and other pools, and bathing lakes with controlled access.
- Permission to operate tourist coaches, provided both the starting location and destination for the journey are in a municipality or district where the federal emergency brake measures have been lifted (maximum occupancy: half the normal number of passengers permitted).
Permission to operate boat excursions and museum and tourist cable cars, provided both the starting location and destination for the journey are in a municipality or district where the federal emergency brake measures have been lifted (maximum occupancy: half the normal number of passengers permitted).

Additional opening steps will come into force if the relevant municipality and district has falling average incidence values for 14 days in a row. More information at https://www.tourism-bw.com/corona-note
(Until further notice)
Measures in Berlin:
- Work from home is advised for all professional activities except for compelling reasons to be performed in the workplace;
- Customers in the retail trade, with the exception of those providing basic services, must generally present a daily, negative test result before entering. Body-close services, including hairdressers, may only be performed after prior appointment and with a daily certified, negative test result. The same applies to visiting cultural institutions such as museums, galleries and memorials;
- Outdoor leisures can open;
- Up to ten people from two different households can meet indoors. Up to ten people from three different households can meet indoor;
- Outdoor events up to 1000 people are allowed. Testing is mandatory when there are more than 250 people attending the event. Indoor events up to 200 people are allowed;
- FFP2 or KN95-level masks are compulsory on public transport, in shops and other public indoor areas. Other face coverings, including surgical masks, are not accepted. Citizens are also urged to wear medical or FFP2 masks even at private gatherings.

More info at: https://www.berlin.de/rbmskzl/aktuelles/pressemitteilungen/2021/pressemitteilung.1086291.php
(Ends 30 June 2021)
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? Yes/No
• Can businesses operate? Depends on the different Lander.
• Are there other restrictions on internal travel? Yes
• Are there any other restrictions in place? Yes
(Until further notice)
OutboundTrain services to Italy via Switzerland have been suspended.
(Until further notice)
PCR testing is available at the following airports:




Cologne Bonn


Berlin Schonefeld


Each airport has individual rules and costs associated with testing.
(until further notice)
Medical grade face masks are compulsory in airports and on flights hosted by German airlines.
(until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any exit restrictions? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Germany has lifted its blanket warning for travel outside of the EU. Restrictions remain in place depending on destination of travel.
(Until further notice)
Planned changes and internal conditionsFrom 25 June - all fully vaccinated (last shot older than 14 days) will be exempted from entry restrictions UNLESS they are travelling from a 'COVID-19 varient area', then they will still be subject to restrictions.
(Until further notice)
Summary - Changes to the following measures:
• Border restrictions? No
• Entry restrictions? No
• Testing requirements? No
• Quarantine requirements? No
• Vaccination requirements? No
• Transit restrictions? No
• COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Internal restrictions? No
• Outbound restrictions? No
• Other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)

22 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Germany

COVID-19 information for Germany

Dedicated COVID-19 website


The security environment is generally benign. Street crime poses the greatest risk, but overall crime levels are relatively low, and violence is unusual.

Germany is a potential target for terrorists; transnational and domestic Islamist cells are known to operate in the country. The country's support for the fight against the extremist Islamic State (IS) movement and participation in other international institutions in co-ordination with the US provides a potential motive for attack by Islamist extremists.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Germany
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Tickborne encephalitisMay be recommended for those visiting forests,
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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