Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    LOW MEDICAL RISK for Singapore
    LOW TRAVEL RISK for Singapore

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Low -

COVID-related precautions and restrictions causing some inconvenience to business operations. Most businesses are operating.

Both essential and non-essential businesses are operating, though outbreaks may impact medical and/or logistic factors  and cause disruption, often at short notice. Pre-existing security risks likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns in the near/medium term, though these disruptions will not affect the stability of the overall security environment. Elective surgery may not be accessible at times and VERY HIGH and HIGH Medical Risk Rated countries will be under pressure. Basic elements of BCPs – such as reduced or staggered staffing, social distancing, limited face to face interaction – may be active, with clear escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No

(Until further notice)
Border restrictions

• Border closures/restrictions
- All main passenger airports and seaports operational for inbound travel, although inbound travel is restricted with controlled entry in place. Foreigners will only be allowed entry when they fit one of the SafeTravel lane options, based on traveller’s profile and purpose of travel. Further details can be found in the Immigration and Checkpoints Authority’s SafeTravel site: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/arriving/overview
- Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents returning from all countries may return to Singapore without seeking entry approval but subject to prevailing health measures: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/sc-pr/shn-and-swab-summary
- Passengers on Singapore Airlines, Scoot and SilkAir are allowed to transit Changi Airport only if departing from a city approved for transit flights: https://www.singaporeair.com/saar5/pdf/media-centre/210503-TableforCitiesApprovedforTransit.pdf

• Exemptions
- Travellers who received a diagnosis of COVD-19 in the past 21 days will be denied boarding on flights bound for Singapore.

(Until further notice)
Entry rules
• Inbound travel
- The following categories of inbound travel are currently allowed, which may be limited based on traveller’s travel history to various countries/regions:
1. Returning Singapore citizens and Permanent Residents
2. General Entry for Long Term Pass Holders and Immediate Relatives of Singapore Citizens / PRs
3. Short-term business visits
4. Short term social visits/tourists
5. Death and critical illness emergency visit
- Personnel can also apply for travel between Malaysia and Singapore under the Periodic Commuting Arrangement (PCA) that requires stay in destination country for a minimum of 90-day period, for work or business purposes. More details on the scheme and on application can be found here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/malaysia/pca/faq
- Visas: Short-term visitors who require a visa to enter Singapore can apply for visas through a Singaporean diplomatic mission or authorised visa agent. However, possession of a valid visa alone does not guarantee entry into Singapore. All visitors must still seek prior approval via the appropriate COVID-19 travel channels in line with the above-listed categories of inbound travel, as detailed in the ICA’s SafeTravel site: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/arriving/overview

(Until further notice)
• Inbound travel from areas where virus variants of concern are circulating
- Passengers with a travel history to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka in the past 21 days will not be allowed to transit through Singapore Changi Airport.
- Transit through Singapore Changi Airport (SIN) for foreign travellers.
- The maximum time allowed for transit is 48 hours. Those with transit times of more than 75 minutes will be directed to a designated transit holding area at their departure terminal before boarding their connecting flight.
- Transit passengers will not be able to make any stops along the way, and will have to stay within the transit holding area at all times.
- Passengers with a hotel booking will first be directed to the airport’s transit holding area for verification checks. They will be guided to the transit hotel only after the checks have been completed and must strictly remain in the hotel throughout their stay. Aerotel Singapore at Changi Airport Terminal 1 and Ambassador Transit Hotel at Changi Airport Terminal 3 are open for bookings.
- Further details can be found on Singapore Airlines' website: https://www.singaporeair.com/en_UK/sg/media-centre/news-alert/?id=kataac8r

(Until further notice)
Testing requirements

• Who needs to test?
- All arriving passengers (including citizens and permanent residents) into Singapore.

• Type of test and timeframe
- All arriving passengers will be required to undergo a COVID-19 PCR test upon landing according to the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore.
- Travellers arriving from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka will have to do an additional COVID-19 Antigen Rapid Test (ART) on arrival.
- Returning Singaporean citizens will need to present a valid negative COVID-19 PCR test taken within 72 hours before departure before they are allowed to board, except for those who have stayed in lower-risk countries/regions in the past consecutive 21 days before departure for Singapore.
- See more information here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/files/SHN-and-swab-summary.pdf
- All travellers (excluding those coming from Australia, Brunei, Mainland China, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Macao) entering Singapore must take a pre-departure COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours before their flight.
- Border measures and SHN requirements may change on short notice; please refer to the latest update on the authorities website here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/files/SHN-and-swab-summary.pdf
- Cargo drivers and accompanying personnel entering Singapore from Malaysia via the Tuas and Woodlands Checkpoints will need to undergo a mandatory COVID-19 antigen test.

(Until further notice)
Quarantine requirements
• Who must quarantine and for how long?
- Returning citizens, permanent residents and permitted work pass holders are required to self-isolate for 14 days at a dedicated Stay-Home Notice (SHN) facility. They are required to cover the cost of their stay if they left Singapore after 27 March. The SHN period and location will differ, depending on the travel history of the traveller in the past 14 days.
- All inbound travellers are subject to COVID-19 testing at a designated community testing facility, before the end of their SHN period. They will receive information about their arranged appointment timings, usually scheduled for a few days prior to the end of the isolation period. Individuals should avoid using public transport to commute to and from the their places of quarantine to the testing facilities.
- Government information on SHN and swab requirements for travelers to Singapore dated 14 June can be found here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/files/SHN-and-swab-summary.pdf

(Until further notice)
Documentation required
• All travellers permitted to enter Singapore have to submit a health declaration form online before proceeding with immigration clearance at https://eservices.ica.gov.sg/sgarrivalcard/

(Until further notice)
• Approvals for new work pass applications will be limited. Renewal of applications for existing work pass holders will not be affected. For more information regarding work pass approvals, refer to the Ministry of Manpower's website: https://www.mom.gov.sg/covid-19/frequently-asked-questions/changes-to-work-pass-services.

• Singapore ports
- From 15 January, workers boarding and leaving ships must check in and out using SafeEntry @ Sea (digital check in system). This regulation applies to all departure points, including piers, wharfs, docks, terminals and marinas. Workers must provide details of their company and the vessel prior to boarding.
- Proof of a valid negative COVID-19 test result taken within 72 hours of boarding the vessel must also be presented.

• Singapore and China have launched a Fast Lane arrangement to facilitate essential travel for official purposes between the two countries. The arrangement will be first applied between Singapore and six Chinese provinces or municipalities (Chongqing, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Tianjin and Zhejiang) for essential official travel. Travel for essential business purposes will resume as part of a later phase, with the terms likely being expanded to include additional locations in China. Specific pre-departure requirements can be found at: https://www.mfa.gov.sg/Newsroom/Press-Statements-Transcripts-and-Photos/2020/06/20200603-SG-CHINA-Fast-Lane-Essential-Travel

• Travellers from China are no longer subject to border restrictions, as long as they have remained within the country for at least 14-days. They are required to fly to Singapore on direct flights without transit. Upon arrival they will be tested for COVID-19. If they test negative, they will be allowed to proceed without needing to complete 14-days Stay-Home-Notice. Similar arrangements are already in place for Australia (excluding Victoria state), New Zealand and Brunei.

• The Singapore-Indonesia reciprocal green lane for essential business travellers is only applicable for travel from Jakarta (Soekarno-Hatta International Airport) or Batam (Batam Center Ferry Terminal). Further details on the application procedure can be found at: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/indonesia/rgl/requirements-and-process

• Singapore and Japan have agreed to launch a Business Track (or Reciprocal Green Lane) to facilitate essential business and official travel for residents from both countries. Travellers will be subject to pre-departure and post-arrival testing as well as the need to adhere to a controlled itinerary for the first 14 days in the receiving country. The two countries have also negotiated a residence Track for movement of business executives and business professionals who are work pass holders. Returning Singapore-based travellers under the RGL will be required to serve a 14 day stay-home-notice at dedicated facilities. However, this will now be suspended until at least 7 February due to the imposition of a state of emergency in Japan. More details can be found here: https://www.mfa.gov.sg/Countries-Regions/J/Japan/Travel-Page

(Until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? No
• Are there any exit restrictions? No
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
• Are there separate restrictions for overseas territories? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No

(Until further notice)
Border restrictions

• Border closures/restrictions
- All main passenger airports and seaports operational for outbound travel.
- Malaysia (Johor Bahru) – Singapore land border only allowing tightly controlled crossing

• Exemptions
- For Malaysia-Singapore land border crossing, people can apply for travel for emergency reasons such as death or critical illness under compassionate travel scheme, subject to approval (https://webform-sto.plexure.com.sg/). The scheme applies only to Malaysians, Singaporeans, Singaporean PRs and Singaporean long term pass holders, or immediate family members of critically ill or deceased family in either country.
- People can also apply for travel between Malaysia and Singapore under the Periodic Commuting Arrangement (PCA) that requires stay in destination country for a minimum of 90-day period, for work or business purposes. More details on the scheme and on application can be found here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/malaysia/pca/faq

(Until further notice)
Exit rules
• Outbound travel for local nationals
- There are no restrictions stemming from Singapore for outbound travel for Singaporean citizens or Permanent Residents.

• Exemptions
- Persons travelling under the Periodic Commuting Arrangement (PCA) are required to stay in Singapore for at least three months before they are allowed to return to their home country for short-term home leave.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? No
• Can businesses operate? Yes
• Are there other restrictions on internal travel? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any other restrictions in place? No

(Until further notice)
Restrictions on internal travel

• What restrictions are in place
- It is mandatory to wear a face mask in public and at workplaces, unless engaging in physical exercise. and to check in via ‘SafeEntry’ in certain venues, including workplaces. Individuals are urged to use the TraceTogether application to further assist government efforts in contact tracing. The government continues to encourage vulnerable groups to not leave their homes as much as possible and for all individuals to exercise personal responsibility, including maintaining only a small group of regular contacts.
- More details are available on the government site: https://www.gov.sg/article/gradual-re-opening-to-phase-3-heightened-alert-from-14-june

(Until further notice)
Restrictions on businesses
• Are businesses’ operations restricted by business type?
- Please see rest of this section for details on industry-specific measures.

• What restrictions are placed on operating businesses?
- Work from home is default.
- F&B outlets must strictly observe at least 1m safe distancing between groups of diners of no more than five people.
- Dining-in will only be allowed for groups of up to two from 21 June under Phase 3 (HA) rules.
- Gyms and fitness studios may resume indoor sports activities with masks off from 21 June, with safe distancing of at least 2m between individuals and at least 3m between groups of up to two people and in classes of up to 30 people.
- Sports classes - both indoors and outdoors - will be capped at 30 people including the instructor, in groups of no more than five people.
- For live performances and MICE events, a maximum of 250 attendees allowed with pre-event testing, up from the current limit of 100.
- More data on the Ministry of Health’s measures can be found here: https://www.moh.gov.sg/covid-19

(Until further notice)
Other social distancing measures
• Gatherings
- Gathering sizes are limited to five people, and a cap of five district visitors per household
- The limit on social gatherings have been reduced from eight to two.

• Other
- Wedding receptions will resume from 21 June. For receptions with up to 100 attendees - including the wedding couple but excluding vendors - pre-event testing is required.

(Until further notice)
• Masks must continue to be worn when people are outside and at workplaces, unless engaging in physical exercise.
- Failure to do so could result in being fined $300.
- Repeat offenders will face higher fines or prosecution in court.

(Until further notice)
Planned changes and internal conditionsThe authorities on 14 March 2021 announced that both Australia and Singapore are considering a travel bubble from July that would allow residents to travel between both countries without the need to quarantine. Further details can be expected in the coming weeks.
(Until further notice)
Travellers who have been to countries or regions considered as higher risk locations in the past 21 days are required to serve a 21-day SHN at dedicated facilities. Higher risk locations include all countries and regions except Australia, Brunei, China, Hong Kong (China SAR), Macao (China SAR), New Zealand, and Taiwan (China).

Travellers from Fiji and Vietnam are allowed to serve the last seven days of their SHN at their place of residence, provided they meet the criteria. Refer here for more info: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/files/SHN-and-swab-summary.pdf Citizens and permanent residents can apply for the SHN opt-out here: https://safetravel.ica.gov.sg/sc-pr/opt-out/apply-now
Other approved travellers can apply during the entry approval process.

Those serving their SHN will undergo a COVID-19 PCR tests on-arrival on the 14th day of their SHN and at the end of the 21-day SHN.
(Until further notice)

19 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Singapore

COVID-19 information for Singapore

Dedicated COVID-19 website


Several precautionary measures have been imposed after the government on 7 February 2020 raised the level of Disease Outbreak Response System Condition (DORSCON) from Yellow to Orange in response to the COVID-19 outbreak. Full details of the measures can be found in this announcement.

Singapore is among the safest destinations in the world and the city-state is considered the most secure jurisdiction in South-east Asia. There are isolated cases of petty crime, while the incidence of violent crime is low. The threat of terrorist attack is also low; nevertheless, as with any major city that attracts Western businesses, vigilance should be maintained. Singapore is politically stable with negligible concerns regarding civil unrest.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments


Vaccinations For Singapore
Hepatitis AMany travel health professionals recommend
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for health care workers and anyone
Read more
Yellow feverA yellow fever vaccination certificate is
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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