Harvard University


Risk Ratings  

    HIGH MEDICAL RISK for Nigeria
    HIGH TRAVEL RISK for Nigeria
    EXTREME TRAVEL RISK for Borno state

COVID-19 Impact

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Travel): High -

Inbound travel significantly restricted for most travellers.

Only citizens and those who meet certain criteria for exemption  may enter. Mandatory testing and quarantine in designated facilities may apply.

COVID-19 virus imageCOVID-19 Impact Rating (Domestic Operations): Medium -

COVID-related impacts posing routine challenges to business operations.

The medical, logistics and security environments are impacted by the pressures of COVID-19. Pre-existing security risks increasingly likely to be exacerbated by COVID-19-related political and socio-economic concerns and associated pressures in the near/medium term. There may be delay in accessing urgent care due to pressures on the medical system. Core protective  elements of BCP likely to be implemented: non-essential staff  working from home, staff tracing in place, reinforced hygiene and segregation practices with robust escalation and de-escalation triggers as well as mitigation measures.

• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any entry restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? Yes
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Are there any separate transit restrictions? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? Yes
Are there any other restrictions? Yes
(Until further notice)
Entry requirements
All land crossings have reopened.

Akanu Ibiam International Airport (ENU, Enugu state), Mallam Aminu Kano International Airport (KAN, Kano state) and Port Harcourt International Airport (PHC, Rivers state) have reopened for international flights.

Non-Nigerian passport holders and non-residents who visited Brazil, India or Turkey within 14 days preceding travel to Nigeria, will be denied entry into the country. The ban does not apply for only those who transited in those countries.
(Until further notice)
Testing requirements
Passengers arriving in Nigeria must have a negative PCR test taken in the country of departure within 72 hours prior to boarding, in English only.

Travellers must choose an appointment date and laboratory to conduct a new COVID-19 test seven days after arrival. A list of accredited private laboratory providers across the country will be available on the portals. Travellers will receive a payment confirmation and a bar-coded printout which will need to be presented at the airport upon check-in in the country of departure as well as to the health officials at your port of entry in Nigeria.
On completion, an Access Report containing a QR code will be sent to the email address provided by the passenger. Print out or download an electronic copy of this Access Report for presentation before boarding. If this is not provided, passengers may not be allowed to board a flight to Nigeria.

At the time of boarding, all travellers will undergo thermal screening for fever and be asked if they have COVID-19 symptoms. Passengers with COVID-19 related signs and symptoms will not be allowed to board the flight. Travellers with temperature of over 38C will be required to proceed to secondary screening where they will be checked for COVID-19 related symptoms and/or other relevant health conditions. Port Health Services Officials may require travellers to proceed to a compulsory quarantine facility if they suspect the need for direct care. Travellers reporting or developing symptoms of COVID-19 on arrival, or during screening will not be allowed to self-quarantine and will be placed in institutional quarantine.
Airlines must only board passengers with test results showing that the tests were done within the stipulated 72-hour window before boarding.

Children under the age of ten are exempted from testing.
(Until further notice)
Quarantine requirements
Passengers must self-isolate for seven days. They are strongly advised to stay in the residential address provided in order to facilitate public health support in Nigeria.

Passengers must present themselves at the sample collection centres on the seventh day after arrival. Samples will be taken, and a COVID-19 PCR test carried out. A reminder text message may be sent to the passenger by the private laboratory provider one day before the appointment. Passengers who fail to submit themselves at the sample collection centres on day seven after arrival will be reminded by SMS and their details forwarded to the State Public Health Department teams and NCDC for active follow-up. Quarantined arrivals will receive phone calls and physical visits by the Nigerian authorities.

Read more at: https://www.vanguardngr.com/2021/05/covid-19-lagos-on-alert-to-prevent-third-wave-%e2%80%95-commissioner/
Passengers who decline to repeat the PCR test by day 14 of arrival may be sanctioned with suspension of their passports or inclusion on a travel no-fly list for six months and denied foreign travel for this period.
Test results will be ready within 72 hours and the State Public Health Department teams & Nigeria Center for Disease Control will be informed accordingly.
Persons who test POSITIVE for COVID-19 will be managed based on National Guidelines for COVID-19 treatment. Persons who test NEGATIVE for COVID -19 after seven days will end self-isolation on the eighth day.
(Until further notice)
There is a flight ban for travellers coming from Brazil, India and Turkey. Only citizens and permanent residents in Nigeria are allowed to enter the country. Allowed inbound travellers must use the Nigerian International Travel Portal to register and fill in the health questionnaire. Then, travellers must upload a negative COVID-19 PCR result with a validity of not more than five days, self-isolate for seven days upon arrival and pay for a COVID-19 PCR test at day seven of arrival in country. A special register will be open at the airports for passengers from these two countries specifically to track and ensure they present for a COVID-19 test on day seven.
More information here: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/media/files/COVID19_Provisional_Quarantine_Protocol_for_UK_SA%20AirTravelv4_Ako.pdf
(Until further notice)

Travellers must visit the Nigerian International Travel Portal online at http://nitp.ncdc.gov.ng/onboarding/homepage before the trip and fill in the pre-boarding health declaration and screening form. Travellers then have to upload on the portal a negative PCR test taken no more than 72 hours before the date of travel and bring along an electronic or hard copy of the result.

Passengers should ensure that the information/contact details provided on the form are correct and are verifiable and they can be reached on the phone number and at the address provided. Passengers must inform Port Health officials on arrival of any change in their health circumstances since completion of the Health Declaration/Self-Reporting Form.
(Until further notice)
• Are there any border restrictions? Yes
• Are there any exit restrictions? Yes
• Are there any testing requirements? Yes
• Are there any quarantine requirements? No
• Are there any vaccine requirements? No
• Is COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Are there any other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)
Dana Air and Arik airlines resumed flight operations from Lagos airport.
The Nigerian government does not require a negative COVID-19 test to exit Nigeria. However, Abuja International Airport has recently required passengers to present negative COVID tests taken within three days (72 hours) prior to boarding.
(Until further notice)
Internal / DomesticSummary
• Is a state of emergency in place? No
• Are curfews/lockdowns in place? No
• Can businesses operate? Restricted
• Are there restrictions on internal travel? No
• Are there any testing requirements? No
• Are there any vaccination requirements? No
• Are there any other restrictions in place? Yes
(Until further notice)
A nationwide curfew from 00.01 to 04.00 is now in place. A five-foot (1.5 metre) social distancing measure still applies.

It is mandatory to wear a face mask in public.

All mass gatherings to remain restricted to 50 persons except with explicit permission of the state government.

Official engagements, meetings and conferences should be held online. Approved gatherings must respect physical distancing measures.

Bars remain closed. Cafe and restaurants can open with strict sanitary measure and with 50% capacity restriction.

More information at: https://covid19.ncdc.gov.ng/
(Until further notice)
Planned changes and internal conditionsSummary - Changes to the following measures:
• Border restrictions? No
• Entry restrictions? No
• Testing requirements? No
• Quarantine requirements? No
• Vaccination requirements? No
• Transit restrictions? No
• COVID-19-related documentation required? No
• Internal restrictions? Yes
• Outbound restrictions? No
• Other restrictions? No
(Until further notice)

23 Jun 2021 (Updated Daily)

Risk Summary


Please see our:

Medical and Security Alerts for Nigeria

COVID-19 information for Nigeria

Dedicated COVID-19 website


Crime presents the main risk for travellers and violent crime is a particular concern in the Niger delta region, where stringent precautions are required against armed robberies and kidnap-for-ransom. Crime levels are lower in the capital Abuja. Many Nigerian airlines have poor safety records. Driving standards and road infrastructure are poor, resulting in high rates of road traffic accidents while roadside assistance is limited.

Attacks on civilian targets or security forces personnel by the Islamist extremist sect Boko Haram in its north-eastern stronghold of Borno state pose significant incidental risks to business personnel; often, they take the form of suicide bombings in public areas. The sect also occasionally stages attacks in Yobe, Bauchi and Adamawa states. In Bauchi, Plateau, Niger, Benue and Kaduna states, communal and sectarian tensions can trigger serious violence and pose incidental risks.

This information is intended as a summary of the travel security environment; however, the risks can change at short notice during a crisis or evolving situation. Please check our travel security alerts to ensure you are informed of the most recent developments.


Vaccinations For Nigeria
CholeraOral vaccination is recommended for travellers
Read more
Hepatitis ARecommended for all travellers and expatriates,
Read more
Hepatitis BRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Meningitis - meningococcalVaccination with the quadrivalent vaccine
Read more
PolioAll travellers are recommended to be fully
Read more
RabiesConsider for certain travellers, especially: For
Read more
Typhoid feverRecommended for all travellers and expatriates.
Read more
Yellow feverNigeria is a country with a risk of yellow fever
Read more
Routine Vaccinations

Disclaimer  Privacy

Travel security advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Medical and health advice provided in this report represents the best judgment of AEA International Holdings Pte. Ltd. Advice in this report does not however provide a warranty of future results nor a guarantee against risk.

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